THE SETTING  

1703-1762 – Shah Wahiullah Dehlavi inspired the Wahabi movement & exhorted Muslims to shun patriotism. Beginning of Islamic anti-nationalism

Shah Wahiullah Dehlavi asked them to feel a part of the entire Muslim world.

His son, Shah Abdul Aziz 1746-1822- declared Bharat as Dar ul Harb.

The father & son created an army of 80,000 wahabis and attacked the Sikhs.

After being routed by the Sikhs, the Wahabis attacked the British. The British therefore took upon the process of neutralization.

Sir Syed Ahmed khan, a loyal servant of the British formed the Aligarh Muslim University in 1875.

However, in 1884, he declared that Muslims, Xtians and Hindus are part of the same Hindu nation.

Needless to say, this was only for the consumption of the Hindus.

By 1888, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan declared that Hindus and Muslims cannot live together and one has to conquer the other to survive.

In 1904, the seeds of the partition of Bengal were sown by the British & in 1905 the partition happened.

Sir Henry Cotton said, “ The objective of the measure was to shatter the unity of India.”

Nawab Salimullah Khan was won over by the British by a bribe of 1 Lac.

But his own brother, Khwaja Atikulla declared that the Muslims are against partition.

The opposition to the partition of Bengal was widespread across the country.

On Oct 16, 1905 over 50,000 people participated in Raksha bandhan program on the banks of Ganga, resolving to undo the partition.

Rabindranath Tagore and other leaders were in the forefront of this movement.

This movement was also called the Vandemataram movement.
Vandemataram become the mantra that aroused the entire country.

By 1906, Minto Morley observed that caste and religion were weakening and prepared the separate electorate plan.

On 30th Dec 1906, the Muslim league was formed at Dacca under the leadership of Nawab Salimullah Khan with Aga Khan as its President

Aga Khan is 48th in the lineage of Shia Imams. The following were the stated objectives of MuslimLeague:

a. Loyalty to the British

b. To protect the political rights of the Muslims

c. As far as possible under the paras a and b to promote friendly feelings between Muslims and other communities.
Not withstanding the above, a pamphlet was published by name Lal Ishtehar & distributed to the delegates –

 “ Ye Muslims Arise , Awake !

Do not read in the same schools with Hindus. Do not buy anything from a Hindu shop.

Do not touch any article manufactured by Hindu hands. Do not give any employment to a Hindu.

Do not accept any degrading office under a Hindu.

You are ignorant, but if you acquire knowledge you can at once send all Hindus to Jehannum( Hell).

You form the majority of the population in this province.

The Hindu has no wealth of his own and has made himself rich only by despoiling you of your wealth.

If you become sufficiently enlightened, then the Hindus will starve and soon become Mohammadans.”

On 4th March 1907, riots broke out in Comilla, now in Bangladesh. Rape, arson, loot were common in that period.

At the same time due 2 Vandemataram movement lead by Lal, Bal & Pal, the British government was forced to annul the partition of Bengal.

The Muslim league leaders were shocked.

As recorded by Aga Khan, In 1906, a barrister by name Md.Ali Jinnah was vehemently opposed to the principle of separate electorates.

He said this principle is dividing the nation itself.

The freedom movement now started spreading worldwide.

Shyamji Krishna Varma, Lala Hardayal, Rash Behari Bose, Savarkar, Madam Cama, Dhingra et al took message of India’s freedom worldwide.

At the same time in 1910, Khudiram Bose, a boy of 18 years threw a bomb a British official, Kingsford.

The nation was astounded by the bravery of the boy.

Kazi Saifuddin supported Tilak’s Ganesh Utsav Mandals, Shivaji Jayanti etc.

However, at the same time Times of India declared Sivaji as anti-Muslim.

Some more thoughtful Muslims came forward against separatist attitude of the Mullah-maulvis.

The roots of Appeasement of Muslims by Congress:

In 1888 itself under Badruddin Tyabji had declared that Congress would not pursue any policy that is opposed nearly unanimously by both Hindus and Muslims.

Swami Shradhananda observed that even from 1899 Muslim delegates were given free tickets by the Congress.

1916, Lucknow pact which accepted and gave weightage to separate electorates was approved by stalwarts of the likes of Tilak too.

Among the top leaders, only Madan Mohan Malviya opposed it.
1919, Khilafat movement began to restore the Khalifa of Turkey, Kemal Pasha.

Kemal himself was inspired by Jamaluddin Afghani who advocated reform in all Muslim countries by giving up clinging to their past.

Oblivious of this, the Muslim league insisted that the Congress join the khilafat movement.

Gandhi launched the non co-operation movement was launched to support the Khilafat movement.

Swami Shradhananda spoke from the Jama Masjid. Aga Khan and Amir Ali met Kemal Pasha but they were rebuked.

He said "Islam is a religion of defeated people." 

 He dethroned Islam from pedestal of official state religion & declared Turkey secular.

Khilafat aftermath – The Muslims went on a rampage on the Hindus.

Servants of India society recorded that in Moplah, Kerala, over 1 lac people were displaced, 20K converted and 1500 people killed.

Even pregnant women and cows were not spared. They killed the men and married the women and they declared Gandhi a kafir.

During this period, Swami Shradhananda notes, “ even nationalist Muslims support Moplahs."

Gandhi said “ They are god fearing people & have acted based on what they have understood of Islam." Annie Beasant rebuked Gandhi.

1925, Suhrawardy, a one time member of Swaraj Party wrote on Haj very approvingly that Islam claims thousands of Hindus every year.

These people are put in the discipline of the annual pilgrimage of Mecca and they retrun to India purged and purified, and adopting the manners and customs of Arabia, become as distinct from the Hindus as the Hindus are from the Chinese and Jews.

Now you know why I say Hajpayee was a Gandhian Congi and Muslim appeaser & a fifth column to Hindu cause.

Dr. Saifuddin Kitchlew, a so called nationalist Muslim warned Hindus against putting any obstacles in our path for the Tanzim movement.

Ghar Vapasi – By this time Swami Shradhananda realized that unless Islamic conversions are arrested, we would not be able to survive.

In 1923, Swamiji reconverted 18,000 Muslims back to the Hindu fold.
He observed that while Muslims involved in Tabligh were encouraged by the Congress, Hindus involved in Shudhi were tabooed.

In 1926, Swamiji was murdered by Abdul Rashid.

Gandhi supported Rashid saying that guilty are those who excited feelings of hatred against one another.


Gandhi called Rashid a brother. The case for Rashid was fought by Asaf Ali.

We must remember that Gandhi refused to put a signature in favour of saving the lives of Bhagat Singh.

He called Sivaji, Rana Pratap and Guru Gobind Singh as misguided patriots.

Gandhi called Rashid his brother and asked a senior Congress leaders to fight to save him.

In 1924, every Hindu festival was attacked.

Gandhi declared in Young India

 “ My own experience confirms that the Mussalman as a rule is a bully & the Hindu as a rule is a coward.”


“Need the Hindus blame the Mussalman for his cowardice? Where there are cowards there will always be bullies.”

Hindus Massacred in Kohat – Kohat was a small town with less than 5% of Hindu population in NWFP As many as 150 Hindus were killed.

The entire Hindu population had to seek shelter in Rawalpindi, 320 km away.

Gandhi fasted for 21 days since he could do nothing to bring the two communities together.

When Mahadev Desai asked for what error he was undergoing the fast, , Gandhi replied,

“What error ? I may be charged wit breach of faith with Hindus. Who listens to me & yet even today I ask Hindus to die & not to kill”.

On 18th April 1924, Rabindranath Tagore wrote in the TOI, 

“ Muslims cannot confine their patriotism to one country”.

In 1924, Lala Lajpat Rai wrote to CR Das,

 “ I am not afraid of the 7 crores of Muslims of Hindustan,but I think the 7 crores of Hindustan plus armed hosts of Afghanistan, Central Asia, Arabia, Mesopotamia & Turkey will be irresistible.”

I do honestly believe in the necessity and desirability of Hindu Muslim unity.

I am fully prepared to the trust the Muslim leaders, but what about the injunctions of the Koran and Hadis?

The leaders cannot override them. I hope your learned mind and wise head will find some way out of this difficulty.

Rising Demands: From 4 to 14 points.

 Partition Plan –

a)   Sind separation from Mumbai.

b)   NWFP & baluchistan as full fledged governor provinces.

c)   Punjab and Bengal to have proportionate representation

d)   1/3 Muslims in Central legislature.

e )  Plus 14 other points

In 1930, Congress adopted completed independence resolution. In the same year, Iqbal as President of Muslim league pressed 4 partition.

In 1937, Congress swept the Provincial elections, League slumped.

This also saw the metamorphisis of Jinnah who had returned to India in 1934.

The League took a complete separatist stand.

Savarkar formed the Hindu Mahasabha in 1937.

Savarkar wanted a secular Indian state that is purely Indian with no cognizance whether he is a Hindu, Muslim, Christian or a Jew.

In 1923, Kakinanda Session of AICC, Vandemataram was opposed in its full form by the Congress President, Maulana Md. Ali.

Vishnu Digambar Pulaskar however continued to sing Vandemataram.

In 1922, Congress had already accepted Sare Jahan Se Accha as an alternate anthem. By 1937, Vandemataram was truncated.

1931, Flag Committee consisted of Patel, Maualana Azad, Tara Singh, Nehru, Kalelkar, Dr.hardikar and Dr.Patabhi Sitaramayya.

They all accepted the saffron flag with Chakra in blue. Yet the tricolour was chosen.

Shiv Bhavani of Bhushan was banned in 1934. Bhajans were tampered – raghupati raghava rajaram to say Ishwar Allah tere naam.

Cow slaughter was given free hand.

In a letter to Jinnah in 1938, Nehru assured that Congress would not restrict the established rights of the muslims.

2. More…

British govt committed India as its colony into the 2nd World War which meant that Indian soldiers in its employ would become war fodder.

On 22nd Dec 1939 the Congress leaders resigned from the government protesting against involving India in the WW II without consultation.

The Muslim league was quick to act and occupied all positions.

In Assam, they got a golden opportunity to change the demography by settling Muslims and making it into a Muslim dominated area.

The Muslim league submitted a memorandum for the partition of India as Pakistan.

It is notable that till the Pakistan resolution, their demand was for independent states for Muslims in N.E and Eastern Zones of India.

It was later that the word States (in plural) was changed as State (in singular). Jinnah termed it as a printing error.

Savarkar called for militarizing Hindus which was in total oppositioln to Gandhi’s approach.

Savarkar said

 "Mind you, Swaraj will never come to you if you cover the whole earth with paper resolutions.


 if you pass resolutions with rifles on your shoulders, you will attain it.”

Subhash Chandra Bose also took this approach similar to Savarkar and embarked on his own freedom movement. Will talk of him separately.

In 1942, Cripps mission gave assurance to the Nizam that Hyderabad state would be part of the Muslim dominion.

In the same year Congress launched the “ Quit India movement”. It failed because the revolutionary forces looked to other leaders.

The communists had supported Congress in anti-British stand since Hitler had tied up with Stalin originally.

But when Germany invaded Russia in 1941, Russia aligned with Britain 
therefore the communists abandoned Congress & cosied with League.

Gandhi decided to talk to Muslim League. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee urged Gandhi not to engage in talks with Jinnah.

Gandhi- Jinnah talks lasted for 19 days.

Gandhi argued against two nation theory but he had nothing in his hand to threaten Jinnah if he defied.

 That was our weakness.

Either Gandhi was naive of the technics of negotiations or that he deliberately feigned to oppose 2 nation theory.

Either way the outcome is foregone conclusion.

“I find no parallel in history for a body of converts and their descendants claiming to be one nation apart from their parent stock.”

While Gandhi called Jinnah has Quaid E Azam, Jinnah always referred to him as Mr.Gandhi.

By talking to Jinnah, Gandhi boosted only Jinnah’s image. He never changed Jinnah’s mind.

Post-war the colonialists held elections for the provinces self-rule. And there was a surpirse for league.

The league was able to win only in 2 provinces  ( Bengal & Sind) out of the 5 it had sought for Pakistan.

The 5 provinces the league had sought were Baluchistan, Punjab, NWFP, Bengal and Sind.

                            ON Aug 16th 1946
                      – Direct action Day 

           Jinnah declared jehad against Hindus.

Terror was unleashed on the Hindus. In Bengal and Sind, holiday was declared on 16th August.

The police which was overwhelmingly Muslim, joined hands.

In Bengal and sind, Muslims formed 70% of the police.

At the meeting convened under the presidentship of Premier Suhrawardy, speaker after speaker called for Jehad.

The Hindus retaliated and seeing that the Muslims were now at the receiving end, the White governor called in the army.

Over 10,000 men and women were killed, 15000 injured and over 1 lakh people were rendered homeless in Calcutta alone.

The Muslim league shifted operations to Noakhali.

From a relief centre in E.Bengal Miss Mueral Lester wrote on 6th Nov 1946 as follows:

 “ The women had to watch their husbands being murdered and then forcibly converted and married to the very people who were responsible for their husband’s murder.  Mullahs and Maulvis accompanied the rioters to complete the conversion process.”

 When Sucheta and Acharya Kriplani met the governor and reported the mass killings and conversions, the governor replied:  

"It is quite natural since Hindu women are more handsome than their muslim counterparts.”!

 Here is the contrast in the approach between Gandhi & Jinnah.  In spite of Hindus being a majority Gandhi appeased and begged Jinnah. On the contrary, though a minority Jinnah had no qualms in indulging in violence to get what he wanted.

Syama Prasadji was the first to reach those riot ravaged areas to organize self defence among the Hindus.

The riots spread to Bihar where the Hindus had an upper hand.

Acharya Kriplani brings the contrast that while in Bengal the government was party to the riots, it was not so in Bihar.

 Rotten Congress Secularists!

Churchill- Jinnah had formed an axis. They used to write to each other under pseudo names.

           This was exposed in letters released in 1982.

Jinnah visited England and found that the Queen and the King were favourable to the idea of Paksitan.

The leagues direct action continued to NWFP, Kashmir.

In a village called Khasa after a prolonged fight when all Hindu and sikh men were killed.

Seventy-four women lead by Smt. Lajwanti jumped into a well to save their honour from Muslim rapists.

3. And some more

Mountbatten arrived in Bharat on 22nd March 1947

Gandhi in his first interview to Mountbatten opposed partition.

Did Gandi threaten Mountbatten that if country is partitioned 

“all whitemen will be killed & some of you would be lucky to  escape to Britain?”

Instead Gandhi gave an offer to Mountbatten to disband cabinet and invite Jinnah to form his own cabinet which can be completely Muslim!

Gandhi then wrote to the Viceroy 

“since my plan is not finding any acceptance, I am handing over the charge of all negotiation to CWC.”

Patel accepted to have a clean separation. Nehru and Rajendra Prasad also accepted partition.

But Maulana opposed saying that Gandhi’s proposal had the best interest of Muslims in mind.

Syama Prasad roused the Hindus to insist to retain East Bengal and West Punjab.

Rajendra Prasad reminded Jinnah that this was in line with League’s own Lahore resolution.

By the same time, Jinnah came up with a new demand – 800 mile corridor connecting West and East Pakistan.

V.P.Menon came forward with a draft plan for partition.

Gandhi a few days earlier had told Mountbatten that the Congress may not be with me but India is with me.

A few days later in a public program Gandhi made a volte-face on the question of partition by accepting it.

He declared that the Viceroy is opposed to partition but since Hindus & Muslims are unable to live together, he is accepting it.

When somebody reminded him of his words, “Vivisect me b4 the country” he replied “when the public opinion is against me, am I to coerce it?”

The president of Congress, Maulana Azad passed the resolution for partition hoping that the partition would be a shortlived one.

Only Purushottam Das Tandon opposed it till the end.

Tandon was saying

 “Let us suffer the British rule a little longer than sacrifice our cherished goal of united India.”

”Let us gird up our loins to fight, if need be both the British and the League and safeguard the integrity of the country.” said Tandon

There was a loud applause for his words. But Gandhi came down in favour of the acceptance. The issue was clinched.

At the close of his speech, Gandhi said, “ Wouldn’t I oppose it, if only I had the time?

But I cannot challenge the present congress leadership and demolish people’s faith in it.

I am not in a position to tell them

 “ Here is an alternate leadership”.
(He coolly forgot Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose!)

I have not the strength today Or else, I would have declared rebellion single handed.

But Nehru told Mosley that if Gandhi had told us, we would have gone on fighting and waiting. So how they 2 played a trick on the Hindus.

Let’s talk about the motive Behind urgency and the fear of resitance

Mountbatten advanced the date of partition from June 1948 to August 1947 by ten months.

Almost all Indian Army officers were opposed

                                to partition.

Added to this the general atmosphere was charged in the wake of INA trials and naval revolt.
Mosley writes, partition of India was announced in May 1947 with no plans of division of army till June.

Commission to decide on boundaries of 2 states not yet formed until end of june.

People deliberately kept in ignorance as to which side they would be on until 2 days after Independence.

Radcliff boundary commission award postponed till 17th August complicated the matter.

Cyril Radcliff was chairman of both Punjab and Bengal boundary commission.

The congress erred in accepting a one man commission instead of a 3 man commission and that too for both the boundaries.

Even the members of the commissions were kept in the dark.. Muslims started to show inflated numbers to influence the decision.

M.C.Mahajan and Tej Singh two members of the Punjab commission were so convinced about Lahore remaining as part of Bharat.

Muslims were only 25% of Lahore. So they did not even begin arrangements to move the people until the day of division.

Most of the great canal systems, the rich wheat lands, the sikh shrines & Lahore were gifted to Pakistan.

It was only on the pretext that “ How can two big cities Lahore and Calcutta be given to India” ?

Over 40% of them became homeless. The loss to Hindus was over 4000 crores, the loss for muslims was a fraction of that.

The same story was repeated in the Chittagong Hill tracts. Overwhelmingly Hindu, it was acceded to East Pakistan.

Pakistan with 19% population got 23% territory.

Then the Holocaust began.

Mountbatten said 

“ I give you complete assurance I shall see to it that there is no bloodshed and riot.I am a soldier not a civilian."

What followed was a never before seen cataclysm.

The transfer of population that the Congress leaders wanted to avoid, took place.

They were killed, robbed, looted in transit.

As the biggest migration of population in recorded history was 

in progress, a most dangerous situation arose in the capital.

Every 4th person in Delhi was a Hindu or Sikh refugee from Pakistan. They were furious against the Muslims and also against the Congress.

In Delhi then most of the police force was Muslim.

True Bharat Ratna, Dr.Bhagwandas said, I have been reliably informed of an impending coup on Sept 10, 1947.

RSS youths were able to warn Patel and Nehru about a plan to kill all Hindu officials and plant the flag of Pakistan on the Red Fort.

Tens of millions of Hindus would have been slaughtered and all the rest converted to Islam.

Gandhi undertook a fast to grant 55 crores additionally to Pakistan.

A.N.Bali recounts the valour and the service rendered by the RSS swayamsevaks.

Bali said, “The refugees from West Pakistan- all of them without exception wherever they are living in India to a man, are grateful to RSS.”

“RSS came to their help at a time when they felt deserted by all.”

Then the assimilation started. 600 princely states integrated into one union.

Maharaja Hari Singh was convinced by Guruji Golwalkar on 17th Oct 1947 to join in Bharat inspite of Mountbatten asking him to join with Pakistan.

On 23rd October, Pakistani tribesman led by general Akbar Khan invaded Kashmir.

British commanders rebelled against Kashmir King and handed over Gilgit to Pakistan.

The RSS swayamsevaks cleared the Srinagar aerodrome of snow just in time for Indian planes to land.

On 21st November, Nehru took the Kashmir issue into the UN without consulting the cabinet which is clearly illegal and not binding.

In Hyderabad Kasim Rizvi the chief of Razakars carried a virulent campaign against Bharat and Hindus.

2 lakh Razakars with arms and 40,000 regular and irregulars of the State’s force attacked the Hindus.

The Razakars had aligned themselves with the communists.

Indian forces ordered by Sardar Vallabhai Patel marched into Hyd on Oct 13th 1948. This was operation polo and lasted for just 108 hours.

Maharaja of Udaipur shown his valor by joining India and it thwarted Nawab of Bhopal’s attempt to join Pakistan.

The dream of Nawab of Bhopal to accede to Pakistan would succeed only if Udaipur which had Jodhpur on West and Indore and Bhopal on East accede to Pak.

Was Partition  Unavoidable?

There was a very strong pro-nation anti-partition sentiment running in the army.

INA Trial, naval rebellion were all causing the Commander-In-Chief of Army, Claude Auchinleck to be in a dilemma.

Stafford Cripps said “The alternate to quitting would have entailed considerable reinforcement of British troops and civil personnel.

It would be politically impracticable.

Mountbatten while narrating how he was persuaded to accept the assignment as Viceroy said

Churchill had accepted that their time in India was up and they were reaching a stalemate there.

The situation is murky and it is only you who can resolve it.

The League itself was weak: The Delhi Muslims used to go to Patel and press him to have no truck with the League and have a firm policy against them.

It would sap its power and Muslims would gravitate towards the Congress.

Muslim society itself was deeply divided with the leadership invariably from the Ashrafi classes. They considered the local Muslims as low.

In 1949 in New york, Nehru declared that if they had known the terrible consequences of partition, they would have resisted the parition. LOL!


                Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose

 1.By 1938 Bose had become a leader of national stature and agreed to accept nomination as Congress President.

2. Subhash Bose stood for unqualified Swaraj (self-governance), including the use of force against the British.

3. Gandhi who was against the use of force against the British opposed Bose’s presidency.

4. Bose appeared at the 1939 Congress meeting on a stretcher. He was elected president again over Gandhi’s preferred candidate   Pattabhi Sitaramayya.

5. Muthuramalingam Thevar strongly supported Bose in the intra-Congress dispute & mobilised all south India votes for Bose.

6. Due to Gandhi’s machinations inside the Congress Bose resigned the Presidency.

7. On 22 June 1939 Bose organised the All India Forward Bloc a faction within the Indian National Congress.

8. Forward Block’s main strength was in his home state, Bengal and that of his staunch ally Muthuramalinga Thevar’s Tamilnadu.

9. Thevar organised a very massive rally never seen before anywhere in India as his reception for Subash Chandra Bose at Madurai.

10. Bose advocated a campaign of mass civil disobedience to protest against Viceroy Lord Linlithgow’s decision to declare India at war with axis powers.

11. Gandhi refused Bose’s campaign but Subhash carried in Bengal and was arrested and then put under house arrest.

12. Bose escaped first to Afghanistan and the supporters of the Aga Khan III helped him across the border into Afghanistan.

13. Thereafter Bose went to Moscow from where he travelled on a false passport to Italy and then Germany.

14. There he started the Azad Hind Radio, Free-India Centre & created Indian Legion with 3000 out of 4500 Indian POWs captured by Germany.

15. In 1943 he travelled to Japan from Germany in a U-180 submarine via Cape of Goodhope.

16. In July 1943 Rash Behari Bose handed over charge to Netaji of the Indian Independence League that he had formed among expatriates in Singapore.

17. Netaji reorganized this and created the Indian National Army (INA).

18. INA had a separate women’s unit called Rani of Jhansi Regiment headed by Capt. Lakshmi Swaminathan.

19. At a rally of Indians in Burma on 4 July 1944, Bose’s famously thundered “Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom!”

20. The troops of the INA were under the aegis of a provisional government, the Azad Hind Government.

21. Azad Hind Govt came to produce its own currency, postage stamps, court and civil code, and was recognised by nine Axis states.

22. Researches have shown that the USSR too had diplomatic contact with the “Provisional Government of Free India”.

23. INA’s spl forces, the Bahadur Group, were involved in operations behind enemy lines as the Japanese thrust towards Imphal and Kohima.

24. Japanese also took of Andaman and Nicobar Islands in 1942 and a year later.

25. the Provisional Govt and the INA were established in those Islands with Lt Col. A.D. Loganathan appointed its Governor General.

26. The islands were renamed Shaheed (Martyr) and Swaraj (Independence). 

(Modi Govt should revert to these names in honor of Netaji.)

27. On the Indian mainland, an Indian Tricolour was raised for the first time in the town in Moirang, in Manipur, in north-eastern India.

28. It was here the Indians were fighting Indians one as the paid slaves of British and another as the Liberation Army.

29. The British spent enormous resources and men to tire out the Liberation Army & it retreated into Burma.

30. Netaji’s slogans were “Dhilli Chalo”, “JaiHind” and Glory to India. And in Urdu “Ittefaq, Etemad, Qurbani” (“Unity, Agreement, Sacrifice”).

31. The 2nd World War ended on the 14 August 1945.

32. On the 18th August 1945, it is claimed by the Nehruvian traitors that Netaji died. He was only 48 years then.

33. Dr.Swamy says that the truth is otherwise and we hope it would come out during Modi’s rule.

34. After the 2nd WW, 3 officers of the Indian National Army (INA), were put on trial at the Red Fort in Delhi for waging war against the King.

35. The 3 brave officers were 

                  General Shah Nawaz Khan, 
                      Colonel Prem Sahgal 
           Colonel Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon.

36. The trials inspired protests & discontent among the Indians who considered them as revolutionaries who had fought for their country.

37. In January 1946 British airmen stationed in India took part in the RAF Revolt of 1946 over the slow speed of their demobilisation.

                                   NAVAL MUTINY

38. The RIAF & RIN mutinies broke out. The revolt was initiated by the ratings of the Royal Indian Navy on 18 February 1946.

39. The INA trials, the stories of Subhash Bose, of INA’s fight in the Siege of Imphal & Burma were seeping into the glaring public-eye.

40. These, received through the wireless sets and the media, fed discontent and ultimately inspired the sailors to strike.

41. In Karachi, revolt broke out on board the Royal Indian Navy ship, HMIS Hindustan off Manora Island.

42. The ship, as well as shore establishments were taken over by mutineers. Later, it spread to the HMIS Bahadur.

43. A naval central strike committee was formed on 19 February 1946, led by M. S. Khan and Madan Singh.

44. On 20 Feb 1946 ratings from Castle and Fort Barracks in Bombay, joined in the revolt when news spread that HMIS Talwar’s ratings had been fired upon.

45. Ratings left their posts and went around Bombay in lorries, holding aloft flags containing the picture of Subhash Chandra Bose.

46. Several Indian naval officers who opposed the strike and sided with the British were thrown off the ship by ratings.

47. Soon, the mutineers were joined by thousands of angry ratings from Bombay, Karachi, Cochin and Vizag.

48. Communication between the various mutinies was maintained through the wireless communication sets available in HMIS Talwar.

49. Thus, the entire revolt was coordinated. This coordinated strike by the Naval ratings soon took serious proportions.

50. Hundreds of strikers from the sloops, minesweepers and shore establishments in Bombay demonstrated.

51. The British of the Defence forces were singled out for attacks by the strikers who were armed with hammers, crowbars & hockey sticks.

52. British men and women going in cars and victorias were made to get down and shout “Jai Hind”.

53. Guns were trained on the Taj Mahal Hotel, the Yacht Club and other buildings from morning till evening.

54. 1000 RIAF men from the Marine Drive and Andheri Camps also joined in sympathy.

55. By the end of the day Gurkhas in Karachi had refused to fire on striking sailors.

56. The strike soon spread to other parts of India. The ratings in Calcutta, Madras, Karachi and Vizag also went on strike.

57. Slogans of “JaiHind” and “Release 11000 INA POWs” rented the sky.

58. On 19 February, the Tricolour was hoisted by the ratings on most of the ships and establishments.

59. By 20 February, the third day, armed British destroyers had positioned themselves off the Gateway of India.

60. The RIN Revolt had become a serious crisis for the British government.

61. An alarmed Clement Attlee, the British Prime Minister, ordered the Royal Navy to put down the revolt.

62. Admiral J.H. Godfrey, the Flag Officer commanding the RIN, went on air with his order to “Submit or perish”.

63. The movement had, by this time, inspired by the patriotic fervour sweeping the country, started taking a political turn.

64. The situation was changing fast and rumours spread that Australian and Canadian armed battalions had been stationed outside the Lion gate.

65. The idea was to encircle the dockyard where most ships were berthed.

66. The clerks, cleaners, cooks & wireless operators armed themselves with whatever weapon was available to resist theBritish.

67. The 3rd day dawned charged with fresh emotions. The Royal Air Force flew a squadron of bombers low over Bombay harbour in a show of force.

68. Admiral Arthur Rullion Rattray issued an ultimatum asking the ratings to raise black flags and surrender unconditionally.

69. In Karachi, realising that little hope or trust could be put on the Indian troops, the 2nd Battalion of the Black
Watch was called out.

70. Their first priority was to deal with the revolt on Manora Island.

71. Ratings holding the Hindustan opened fire when attempts were made to board the ship.

72. At midnight, the 2nd Battalion was ordered to proceed to Manora.

73. By the morning, the British soldiers had secured the island.

74. During the morning three guns of unknown caliber from the Royal Artillery ‘C’ Troop arrived on the island.

75. The Royal Artillery positioned the battery within point blank range of the Hindustan on the dockside.

76. An ultimatum was delivered but it was ignored.

77. Orders were given to open fire at 10:33. The gunners’ first round was on target.

78. On board the Hindustan the Indian naval ratings began to return gunfire and several shells whistled over the Royal
Artillery guns.

79. However, the mutineers could not hold on. At 10:51 the white flag was raised.

80. British naval personnel boarded the ship and killed almost all Indian soldiers.

81. HMIS Bahadur was still under the control of mutineers
82. Several Indian naval officers who had attempted or argued in favour of putting down the revolt were thrown off the
ship by ratings.

83. The British ordered the 2nd Battalionto storm the Bahadur and it was done. The revolt in Karachi had been put down.

84. In Bombay, the guncrew of a 25-pounder gun fitted in an old ship had by the end of the day fired salvos towards the
Castle barracks.

85. Patel had been negotiating fervently, and his assurances did improve matters considerably.

86. However, it was clear that the revolt was fast developing into a spontaneous movement with its own momentum.

87. By this time the British destroyers from Trincomalee had positioned themselves off the Gateway of India.

88. The negotiations moved fast conceding every demand of economic nature.

89. The mutineers in the armed forces got no support from the national leaders and was largely leaderless.

90. “Mahatma” Gandhi, in fact, condemned the riots and the ratings’ revolt.

91. Gandhi in his statement on 3 March 1946 mercilessly criticised in unpattriotic terms the revolt of the strikers.

92. If anyone calls this bastard traitor a ‘Mahatma” or a father of the nation I will slap on his face.




1.In this chapter we recount events upto the end of WWI & of the Congress as the symbol of erosion of Revolutionary zeal.

2. In 1857 the first Revolutionary War of Independence took off but was suppressed by the British.

3. Since then the movement for revolution took a set back and remained dormant for a very long time. In the meantime..

4. Indian National Congress (INC) was stated in 1885 by a Scotsman A.O.Humes as a pro-govt party of the British colonialists.

5. INC was just a debating society of leaders such as Dadabhai Naoroji, Sundernath Bannerjee, Madan Mohan Malviya and Motilal Nehru.

6. They met annually to express loyalty to the British Raj & passed numerous resolutions on less controversial issues such as civil rights.

7. 1905 was a turning point when the British Viceroy Curzon announced the partition of Bengal on communal lines. It had 2 important impacts.

8. (a) The Hindu landowners in East Bengal who leased lands out to Muslim peasants righty feared they will be disposessed.

9. (b) The large Bengali Hindu middle-class (the Bhadralok) got upset at the prospect of Bengalis being outnumbered in West Bengal by Biharis and Oriyas.

10.The pervasive protests against Curzon’s decision took the form predominantly of the Swadeshi (“buy Indian”) campaign.

11.The campaign was led by two-time Congress president, Surendranath Banerjee, and involved boycott of British goods.

12. The British suppressed it, however it gave birth to nationalism & brought to prominence “Vande Maatharam” of Bankim Chandra Chatterjee.

13. The religious stirrings of the slogan and the political outrage over the partition ignited the spirit of the budding youth.

14. Young men, in groups such as Jugantar, took to bombings public buildings, staging armed robberies and assassinating British officials.

15. The reaction to this from the Muslims led them, in 1906, to ask for separate electorate & proportional representation.

16. This crytallized the religious division and to the founding of All India Muslim League in Dacca in 1906.

17. To counter this Arya Samaj organized “reconversion” events for the purpose of welcoming Muslims back to the Hindu fold (Ghar Vaapasi).

18.The Congress itself had rallied around symbolism of Kali in Bengal and the Muslim fears increased.

19. Dadabhai Naoroji, Sundernath Bannerjee, Madan Mohan Malviya and Motilal Nehru were pro-colonial reforminsts but were styled as moderates.

20. The Moderates were naively discussing reforms with colonialists while a vigorous popular movement was going on in the country.

21.In 1905, Tilak and Lajpat Rai, & Bipin Chandra Pal were rising leaders in the Congress challenging its submissive character.

22. The confrontation policies of Tilak, Lajpat Rai & Bipin (Bal, Lal & Pal) known as extremists were opposed by the pro-colonial Congress.

23. I call this trio – Bala Gangadhar Tilak, Lala Lajpati Rai and Bipin Chandra Pal as patriots and the moderates as renegades.

24. By the end of 1907 the Surat session of the Congress ended in fiasco.

25. The two factions of patriots & renegades came to blows & were looking over each other as their main political enemy.

26. The renegades called in the police and drove out the patriots. British govt unleashed terror on the leaders.

27. Tilak was arrested and sent to Mandalay, Burma for 6 years. Aurobindo though was acquitted sought refuge in French Pondicherry.

28. B.P.Lal retired and Lajpat Rai moved to Britain. The patriots within the Congress were vanquished.
29. Away from the Congress, In 1904, V.D. (Veer) Savarkar organized Abhinav Bharti as a secret society of revolutionaries.
30. After 1905 several newspapers openly (and a few leaders secretly) began to advocate revolutionary terrorism.
31. In 1907, an unsuccessful attempt was made on the life of the Lieutenant Governor of Bengal.
32. In April 1908, Prafulla Chaki and Khudiram Bose threw a bomb at a carriage that carried Kingsford, the unpopular judge at Muzzafarpur.
33. Unfortunately it killed two English ladies instead. Chaki shot himself while Bose was caught and hanged.
34. Thousands wept at this 17 year old revolutionary’s death. He became subject of many folk songs.
35. This was the beginning of revolutionary terrorism.
36. Soon secret societies of revolutionaries came up all over the country, most famous & long lasting being Anushilan Samiti & Jugantar.
37. Their activities took two forms – the assassination of oppressive officials and informers and traitors from their own ranks.
38. They indulged in dacoities to raise funds for purchase of arms, etc. These robberies came to be popularly known as Swadeshi dacoities.
39. Two of the most spectacular actions of the period were attempts on life of Viceroy, Lord Hardinge who was wounded by the bomb thrown.
40. The other was the assassination of Curzon-Wylie in London by Madan Lal Dhingra.
41. In all 186 revolutionaries were killed or convicted between the years 1908-1918.
42. Famous among them were Shyamji Krishnavarma, V.D.Savarkar and Har Dayal in London and Madam Cama and Ajit Singh in Europe.
43. The Patriots within Congress fanned their discontent with the British while the activities of revolutionaries outside spread the unreast.
44. in 1909, the British Government announced Morley-Minto Reforms providing for special representation of the Muslims.
45. This was clearly aimed at threatening the Hindu-Muslim unity upon which the National Movement of those fighting the British had rested.
46. World War 1 had started by then. In August 1914, as the German Army advanced through France and Belgium
47. The British Indian Army of 161,000 strong, was an obvious source of trained men. More were recruited and as war progressed.
48. The INC headed by renegades never objected when the Lahore and Meerut infantry divisions were selected for service in Europe.
49. The Indian soldiers were used as fodder in the war fought between Europeans.
50. One million Indian troops served overseas; 62,000 died and another 67,000 were wounded.
51. In total 74,187 Indian soldiers died during the war.
52. The war was not worth anything for the Indian people there was no benefit for them.
53. On the contrary there were Economic Effects: (a) Indian taxpayers contributed £146 million to Britain to pay for the war.
54. (b) Taxes in India went up by 16% in 1916, 14% in 1917, and 10% in 1918.
55. (c) There was a shortage of furl and food because a lot of it was sent to Britain during the war.
56. (d) Prices of British-made and manufactured goods went up by 190%
57. After the war Indian businessmen faced ruin as competition from British goods resumed.
58. Even though the Congress was subservient to the British Bengal and Punjab remained hotbeds of anti colonial activities.
59. An expatriate Indian population from the US, Canada, & Germany attempted to trigger insurrections in India.
60. During WW I, the British Indian Army was fightimg in Europe. Consequently, a reduced force of about 15,000 troops remained in India.
61. The Gadar movement tried to take advantage of this reduced force to stage an insurrection.
62. This movement was headed by the Berlin Committee and the Ghadar Party of the expatriates who conspired the “Hindu–German Mutiny”.
63. The British infiltrated their movment and suppressed them with draconian laws such as Defence of India Act 1915.
64. However events during the WW I time revealed that there was lot of energy among the Indians to conspire and overthrow the British.
65. The 1917 Russian Revolution has also brought a spurt of revolutionary zeal. Many poets like Bharati had sung in praise of it.
66. Through out the time of war the Congress that included Tilak and Annie Besant were clamoring for “Home Rule”, not independence.
67. In 1919, the British brough in the Government of India Act that gave the right to vote to about 5 million of the wealthiest Indians.
68. These electors could choose a provincial govt to take care of health, education & public works. British kept Central govt, tax & police.
69. This ‘concessionary’ act was supplanted with Rowlatt Act that was draconian in every respect to punish opposition to British Rule.
70. On 13th April 1919 a large crowd of people to attend a public meeting in Jallianwala Baghcalled to protest arrest of 2 leaders in Amritsar.
71. General Dyer without warning order the shooting of unarmed civilians. More than a 1000 people including women and children were massacred.
72. This brutality stunned the nation. But Motilal Nehru as the Congress President wrote only a protest letter and rested.
73. Since then London educated lawyers such as Gandhi, Nehru, Patel, etc lined up into the Congress movement of subservience.
74. As a result of the WW I Ottaman Empire Treaty of Sèvres (August 1920) which imposed the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire.
75. The Khilafat movement (1919–1924) was a pan-Islamic protest campaign launched by Muslims in British India to protect the Ottoman Empire.
76. Gandhi supported this movement saying he is currying favor from Muslim for the Swaraj movement.
77. However this Khilafat Movement turned fundamentalist and ugly by killing, raping and looting of the Hindus especially in Kerala.
78. The largely kudiyaan (tenant) Mappilas attacked and killed jenmi (landlords) of the Hindu Nair and Brahmin Nambudiri castes.
79. Over 10000 Hindus were killed and equal number injured or maimed and 50000 taken prisoners in a frenzy reminiscent of holocaust.
80. Gandhi the so called apostle of non-violence supported the Muslims.
81. If anyone still says something nice about Gandhi and defend him then call him a bastard and spit on is face and shoe him!
82. The British govt in effort to assert its authority put down Mopla movment with an iron hand. Gandhi tried to portray the Muslim as patriots!
83. Even as late as in 1971, the Government of Kerala officially recognised the Islamic killers of Moplas as “freedom fighters”.
84. By 1920 the Congress declared the aim as complete Swaraj but adopted methods of passive resistance that would never reach the goal!
85. From 1857 which saw the “Real” war of liberation of blood and sweat we enter post WW-I a world of ‘swaraj’ of timidity and idiotic fancy.
86. Heretofore we would hear lots of this “Satyagraha” of bombastic cowardice that never challenged the British nor would it enthuse it to quit.
87. Gandhi became the leader of the ‘swaraj’ movement through this children’s game of ‘satyagraha’.
88. Civil disobedience, Salt-sathyagraha etc were aimed not at overthrowing British Raj but to placate subservience to Gandhi.
89. But at anytime this satyagraha matures into an adult game
of acive and violent resistance Gandhi would call it off and chide those who grew up!
90. And then the Second World War set in. During the 18 years from 1920 to 1938 Gandhi was the unquestionable leader of Congress.
91. Gandhi was the leader of a movement of stolen-and-misdirected liberation by group of British educated lawyers.
92.These lawyer gang had this unHindu concept of governance based on the British model of capitalism and class struggle.
93. Its superstructure was parliamentary democracy and secularism both concepts completely succeptible to corruption.
94. In the previous chapter on Netaji we dealt with events from the start of the war to the partition.
95. So we will talk of the tremendous pain and suffering Gandhi brought on India that culminated in the death fo millions during partition.
96. That horror of horrors was this deamon’s loving experiment in terror dubiously called ‘Ahimsa’ and ‘Satyagraha’.


1. The last year of the second decade of twentieth century found India highly discontented.
2. The British colonialists let loose a reign of terror with The Rowlatt Act, the Jallianwala Bagh massacre and martial law in Punjab.
3. On 1 August 1920 Lokamanya Tilak passed away. The day of mourning became the launching of the movement of non-coperation with the British.
4. People all over the country observed hartal and took out processions. Many kept a fast and offered prayers.
5. Prince of Wales came to visit India on 17 November, 1921 and landed in Bombay. A countrywide hartal was called.
6. Nationalist Umar Shobhani lighted a huge bonfire of foreign cloth and a frenzied enthusiasm followed
7. Parsis, Christians, Anglo-Indians loyal to the colonialists were returning from welcoming the Prince of Wales.
8.A clash occured between the colonial loyalists & the patriotic strikers; police fired and 3 days of turmoil ensued with 59 people dead.
9. Gandhi as usual acted as a damper chiding the patriots with his hunger strike for 3 days.
10. Khilafatist Ali brothers were also egging people to indulge in violence. British govt retaliated with arrests.
11.Chitta Ranjan Das was among the first to be arrested, followed by his wife Basantidebi. Incensed by this the youth indulged in violence.
12. In the next two months, over 30,000 people were arrested from all over the country. Gandhi alone remained out of jail.
13. In Chauri Chaura in U.P., on 5 February 1922, there was a clash between the police and the people. Police opened fire.
14. At this, the entire procession attacked the police and when the police hid inside the station, people set fire to the building.
15. Policemen who tried to escape were hacked to pieces and thrown into fire. In all twenty-two policemen were done to death.
16. Traitor Gandhi called off the agitation on 12th February 1922. The nation was shocked at his behaviour.
17. The underground Revolutionary Movement was also going on parellel to the INC’s non-cooperation movement.
18. The revolutionaries in northern India organized under the leadership of four old veterans.
19. They were Ramprasad Bismil, Jogesh Chatterjee, Chandrashekhar Azad and Sachindranath Sanyal.
20. Their ‘Bandi Jiwani’ served as a textbook to the revolutionary movement.
21. They met in Kanpur in October 1924 and founded the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) to organize armed revolution.
22. Their aim was to overthrow colonial rule and establish in its place a Federal Republic of the United States of India.
23. Gopinath Saha in January 1924 tried to assassinate Charles Tegart, the hated Police Commissioner of Calcutta.
24. Gopinath Saha was arrested and executed despite large-scale protests.
25. The most important action of the HRA was the Kakori train episode.
26. On 9 August. 1925, ten men up the 8-Down train at Kakori, a village near Lucknow, looted the official railway treasury.
27. The Government reaction was quick and hard. It arrested a large number of young men.
28. Ashfaqullah Khan, Ramprasad Bismil, Roshan Singh, Rajendra Lahiri were hanged.
29. Four others were sent to the Andaman for life and seventeen others were sentenced to long terms of imprisonment.
30. Chandrashekhar Azad remained at large. The Kakori case was a major setback to the revolutionaries of northern India.
31.However they regrouped under Bejoy Kumar Sinha, Shiv Varma and Jaidev Kapur in U.P., Bhagat Singh, Bhagwati Charan Vohra and Sukhdev.
32. In Punjab they set out to reorganize the HRA under the overall leadership of Chandrashekhar Azad.
33. All the major young revolutionaries of northern India met at Ferozeshah Kotla Ground at Delhi on 9 and 10 September 1928.
34. They created a new collective leadership and adopted socialism as their official goal.
35. Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) became Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HRSA).
36. Lala Lajpat Rai was killed by a brutal lathi-charge during the anti-Simon Commission demonstration at Lahore on 30 October 1928.
37. The brutal assasination of Lala Lajpat Rai, known as Sher-e-Punjab, infuriated the HRSA leaders.
38. On 17 December 1928, Bhagat Singh, Azad & Rajguru assassinated, at Lahore, the Police Officer Saunders who had led the attack on Lala.
39. Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw a bomb in the Central Legislative Assembly on 8 April 1929.
40. They were protesting against the Public Safety Bill and the Trade Disputes Bill that would reduce the civil liberties of citizens.
41. Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Rajguru and many other revolutionaries were tried in a series of conspiracy cases.
42. “We have bombed the British Government. The British must quit India”, they declared.
43.Their slogans ‘Inquilab Zindabad,’ songs ‘Sarfaroshi ki tamanna ab hamare dil mein hain’ & ‘Mera rang de basanti chola’ became mantra.
44. Bhagat Singh, Rajguru & Sukhdev became symbols for Indian struggle against British rule.
45. They became an inspiration for many youths who wanted to see India independent.
46. Sukhdev and Rajguru were executed on 23rd March 1931 and Bhagat Singh on 24th March 1931.
47. Millions of people in India wept and refused to eat food when they heard of their hanging. Such sympathy was never heard of in India.
48. But Traitor Gandhi adamantly denounced them. Nathuram Godse was only 19 then. His political making had not taken place.
49. I wish Nathuram Vinayak Godse had killed Gandhi by then. Millions of countrymen would have been saved by Gandhi’s death in 1931.
50. Chandrashekhar Azad had escaped from getting arrested and he continued to organize the revolutionary youths.
51. But on 27th February 1931 Azad was betrayed by an informer. A huge posse of British troops encircled him in the Alfred Park, Allahabad.
52. For several hours he alone fought against hundreds of policemen. He kept on fighting till the last bullet.
53. Finding no other alternative, except surrender, Azad shot himself. Long Live Chandrashekar Azad!
54. A large number of revolutionaries were convicted in the Lahore conspiracy Case and other similar cases.
55. Many of them were sentenced to long terms of imprisonment majority of them were sent to the Andamans.
56. The revolutionary under-trials went on hunger strike protesting against the horrible conditions in jails.
57. They demanded that they be treated as political prisoners and not as criminals.
58. On 13th September, after 64 days of an epic hunger strike Jatin Das, the iron willed young man from Bengal died.
59. The entire nation rallied behind the hunger strikers.
60. Thousands came to pay homage at every station passed by the train carrying his body from Lahore to Calcutta.
61. At Calcutta, a two-mile-long procession of more than half a million people carried his coffin to the cremation ground.
62. Sensing the revolutionary upsurge bursting out, Gandhi decided to divert it with his salt sathyagraha.
63. Udham Singh had witnessed his brother being killed in the Jalianwala massacre as a child.
64. Twenty-one years later he took the revenge for that massacre by killing Sir Michael O’Dwyer on 13th March 1940.
65. Sir Michael O’Dwyer was the governor of Punjab at the time of Jalianwala Bagh massacre and had strongly supported the massacre.
66. Udham Singh was captured and executed On July 31, 1940.
67. Mohan Singh, an Indian officer of the British Indian Army who did not join the retreating British army in Malaya.
68. He was the first to conceive the idea of the Indian National Army and asked for Japanese help.
69. Indian prisoners of war were handed over by the Japanese to Mohan Singh who then formed them into an Indian National Army.
70. On 1 September 1942, the first division of the INA was formed with 16,300 men.
71. Accompanied by Rashbehari Bose, Netaji arrived at Singapore from Tokyo on 27 June.
72. He was given a tumultuous welcome by the resident Indians and was profusely garlanded wherever he went.
73. The Provisional Government of Free India was formed on 21 October 1943 with Netaji as its first Prime Minister.
74. The Provisional Government of free India formed under ‘Netaji’ declared war on Britain.
75. In March – April 1944 INA set its foot inside India 7 captured large parts of Manipur.
76. On April 6th 1944 Kohima, a major city was captured.
77. This was our armed insurrection’s first victory over the British but the Gandhi-Nehru clique conspired with the British against Netaji.

9. “Mahatma” Gandhi’s life in South Africa.

1. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi born in 1869 went to England for higher studies at age of 18.
2.At the age of 22 he was called to the Bar. Gandhi stayed in London without work for 2 years and came back to India.
3. Gandhi went to South Africa when he was 24 to save Abdullah &co. whose business was smuggling and he charged very much for this.
4.Gandhi stayed in South Africa for almost 24 years and returned to India in 1916. This is a long period in the prime of his adult life.
5. We will examine Gandhi’s 24 years of South Africa life which is being glossed over by Congi historians.
6. Gopala Krishna Gokhale was guru and mentor for both Gandhi & Jinnah. Gokhale was an admirer of everything British and nothing Hindu.
7. Gokhale was a truest British bootlicker. He despised revolutionary challenges to the British and advocated peaceful plea for reforms.
8. Gokhale died in 1915 at the age of 49.
9. Gandhi entered Indian politics through INC in 1918 to wear Gokhale’s mantle but Tilak’s radical influence was a stumbling block.
10. It is only 4 years after Tilak’s death in 1920 that Gandhi became the president of INC in 1924.
11. Gandhi had iron hold on INC for about 10 years but started losing his grip for 14 years from 1920 to 1938 when Netaji became president against his will twice in 1938 & 1939.
12.Gandhi constantly conspired using his men in the CWC to derail and frustrate Netaji. Netaji was also arrested but escaped British clutch.
13. Netaji’s INArmy & attack on British from outside during the war & the Indian Naval Mutiny of 1946 set the political future of India.
14. Gandhi and his chela Nehru were under protective groom of the British colonialists during this period.
15. The British left India in August 1947 after handing power to their henchman Jawaharlal Nehru.
16. So there are 3 distinct period in Gandhi’s life – (a) His 24 years in South Africa which was the longest but hidden by Congress;
17. (b) His 14 years of unchallenged hold on the Indian political process from 1924 to 1938; and
18. (c) His 10 years of total wrecking and betrayal of Indian revolution from 1938 to 1948 when he was finally assasinated.
19. Let’s start with his life and role in South Africa for more than 2 decades.
20. One cannot help but discern that there is not a single Black person anywhere in any of the photos of Gandhi during that time.
21. Gandhi hated Black people. Only a few scholars are aware of this background. ( G.B.Singh
22. Most of the tweets (on Gandhi’s South Africa life) from now on are direct quotes from G.B.Singh.
23. In 1906 Gandhi had participated in a war against Blacks.The Gandhian literature either keeps quiet on the subject.
24. INC historians try to paint Gandhi as a great humanitarian who actually helped Blacks by rendering to them urgent medical care.
25. However, I (G.B.Singh) found that Gandhi’s participation had nothing to do with “humanitarian concerns” for Black people.
26. He was more concerned with “allying relationships” with the colonial Whites living in Natal colony.
27. Driven by his racial outlook, he went out of his way 2 enlist Indians 2 join the army under him 2 fight 4 his cause against the Blacks.
28. He also considered Indians living in South Africa to be “fellow colonists” along with the White colonists, over the indigenous Blacks.
29. Popular history books laud the myth of Gandhi’s successes in his struggles for his people against the system of apartheid.
30. Nothing could be further from the truth. We need to ask: If Gandhi’s technique was so good and was of such tremendous importance 1/2
31. to the suffering Blacks of South Africa, then why is it that not a single Black newspaper ever mentioned Gandhi’s Satyagraha? 2/2
32. I learned that the inception of Gandhi’s Satyagraha had the underpinnings of anti-Black racism.
33. This especially came to light after Gandhi was convicted for breaking the law in 1908, and then sentenced.
34. To his surprise, as he walked into the prison, he noticed “niggers,” and had to live among them.
35. This was bad news to him and it fortified his racist resolve which formed the very foundation of his Satyagraha struggle.
36. Here is one excerpt from ( ) that Gandhi wrote himself:
“The cell was situated in the Native quarters and we were housed in one that was labelled “For Colured Debtors”. It was this experience for which we were perhaps all unprepared. We had fondly imagined that we would have suitable quarters apart from the Natives. As it was, perhaps, it was well that we were classed with the Natives. We would now be able to
study the life of native prisoners, their customs and manners. I felt, too, that passive resistance had not been undertaken too soon by the Indian community. Degradation underlay the classing of Indians with Natives. The Asiatic Act seemed to me to be the summit of our degradation. It did appear to me, as I think it would appear to any unprejudiced reader, that it would have been simple humanity if we were given special quarters. The fault did not lie with the gaol authorities. It was the fault of the law that has made no provision for the special treatment of Asiatic prisoners. Indeed, the Governor of the gaol tried to make us as comfortable as he could within the regulations. The chief warder, as also the head warder, who was in immediate charge of us, completely fell in with the spirit that actuated the Governor. But he was powerless to accommodate us beyond the horrible din and the yells of the Native prisoners throughout the day and partly at night also. Many of the Native prisoners are only one degree removed from the animal and often created rows and fought among themselves in their cells. The Governor could not separate the very few Indian prisoners (It speaks volumes for Indians that among several hundred there were hardly half a dozen Indian prisoners) from the cells occupied by
Native prisoners. And yet it is quite clear that separation is a physical necessity. So much was the classification of Indians and other Asiatics with the Natives insisted upon that our jumpers, which being new were not fully marked, had to be labelled “N”, meaning Natives. How this thoughtless classification has resulted in the Indians being partly starved
will be clearer when we come to consider the question of food.
37. I have no doubt that Gandhi harbored anti-Black views & forced his racial views on his fellow Indians while living in South Africa.(ibid)
38. The Wall Street Journal’s review states the book depicts Gandhi as “a sexual weirdo, a political incompetent, a fanatical faddist, implacably racist, and a ceaseless self-promoter, professing his love for mankind as a concept while actually despising people as individuals.”
39. Britain needed “their type of non-violent freedom figher” to take over the reins of Indian freedom fighting. Kallenbach was chosen.
40. Gandhi and Kallenbach lived together for two years as soul mates, starting from 1907. Kallenbach was micro managing Gandhi.
41. In this passivity Gandhi was trained in South Africa by Kallenbach by influencing him with Tolstoy the existentialist par excellence.
42. Joseph Lelyveld, is a Zionist and a Pulitzer Prize winner. He wrote that Gandhi and Kallenbach had a homosexual relationship.
43. His book has not yet been released in India.
44. There were a series of letters written by Gandhi admitting to his homosexual relationship.
45. Gandhi’s 13 letters to Kallenbach, however, were put up for auction decades after the death of the two men.
46. It is said they were eventually acquired by the National Archives of India.
47. Sonia Gandhi congress spent 700,000 pounds of tax payers’ money to buy out these letters.
48. Modi govt. should find out if those letters still exist, if not get back that 700,000 from Sonia Congress or jail them.
49. Lelyveld explanation of Gandhi’s “Satyagraha” was right on the dot.
50. “He would patiently appeal to the good sense of the Christian whites, while also refusing to follow their laws that he regarded evil.”
51. ” He was willing to suffer punishment for breaking these laws, but refused to hate the invading white men.”
52. While in South Africa, Gandhi did not miss a single opportunity to please the British crown.
53. In protest of a new poll-tax, Zulus of South Africa confronted and killed two British tax collectors in 1906.
54. In retaliation, the British declared war on the Zulus. They hung, shot, and severely flogged thousands of Zulus.
55. Around four thousand Zulus were killed during the rebellion. Such was the British cruelty.
56. For over six months Gandhi actively encouraged the British to raise an Indian regiment for use against the Zulus.
57. Though considered an Apostle of Nonviolence, Gandhi eagerly pursued a chance for military service.
58. Gandhi expressed his frustration that the British had not yet raised an Indian regiment in his Mar. 17, 1906 “A Plea for Indian Volunteering.”
59. He sounded almost desperate to participate in the war on blacks when he wrote:
60. While the Zulus continued their war for freedom, Gandhi urged the Indian community to send money and care packages to the white militia
61. In the same letter, he also urged Indians to help fund the war effort.
62. Gandhi finally managed to convince the British government to allow an Indian stretcher-bearer corps.
63. He seemed a little disappointed at the non-combatant status of the corps.
64 In June 9, 1906 Gandhi asked for arms “..intended to give Indians an opportunity of taking their share in the defence of the Colony.”
65. The Government have, by accepting the offer, shown their goodwill. And if Indians come successfully through the ordeal, the possibilities for the future are very great. Should they be assigned a permanent part in the Militia, there will remain no ground for the European complaint that Europeans alone have to bear the brunt of Colonial defence, and
Indians will cease to feel that, in not being allowed to participate in it, they are slighted.”
Gandhi Becomes a Sergeant Major
On June 6, 1906, in “Pledge of Allegiance,” Gandhi transcribed his oath: “We, the undersigned, solemnly and sincerely declare that we will be faithful and bear true allegiance to His Majesty King Edward the Seventh, His Heirs and Successors, and that we will faithfully serve in the supernumerary list of the Active Militia Force of the Colony of Natal as Stretcher-Bearers, until we shall lawfully cease to be members thereof, and the terms of the service are that we should each receive Rations, Uniform, Equipment and 1s. 6d. per day.”It was official. Gandhi was appointed a Sgt. Major in the British Army, and would lead 20 Indian volunteers to assist the war against the black Zulus.
66. Gandhi Writes Propaganda for War on Blacks
As a last touch before heading to thebattlefield, Gandhi published “Should Indian Volunteer Or Not?” on June 30, 1906, in the Indian Opinion. He passionately urged Indians to volunteer, saying: “There is hardly any family from which someone has not gone to fight the Kaffir rebels. Following their example, we should steel our hearts and take courage. Now is the time when the leading whites want us to take this step; if we let go this opportunity, we shall repent later. We therefore urge all Indian leaders to do their duty to the best of their ability.”
Gandhi also advertised military service as physically and mentally beneficial, saying: “Those who can take care of themselves and lead regular lives while at the front can live in health and happiness. The training such men receive cannot be had elsewhere…. A man going to the battle-front has to train himself to endure severe hardships. He is obliged
to cultivate the habit of living in comradeship with large numbers of men. He easily learns to make do with simple food. He is required to keep regular hours. He forms the habit of obeying his superior’s orders promptly and without argument.”
67. Completely ignoring the underlying cause of the Zulu rebellion, which was a desire for freedom, Gandhi argued for a religious reason to wage war on the black natives of South Africa. He said, “For the Indian community, going to the battle-field should be an easy matter; for, whether Muslims or Hindus, we are men with profound faith in God. We have a greater sense of duty, and it should therefore be easier for us to volunteer.”
68. Gandhi Lies About His Involvement in War on Blacks
Gandhi tried to rewrite his South African history in his 1920s autobiography. He wrote: “I bore no grudge against the Zulus, they had harmed no Indian. I had doubts about the ‘rebellion’ itself.” He also claimed, “My heart was with the Zulus.”
This is the double face of “Mahatma” Gandhi.
69. The indisputable truth is that Gandhi chose to actively endorse and participate in a war waged solely to deprive black people of their liberties.
70. At a time of extreme racial conflict, Gandhi knowingly sided with the oppressive white race.
71. This Ahimsavadi even thirsted for Zulu blood, ruefully saying in July, 1906: “At about 12 o’clock we finished the day’s journey, with no Kaffirs to fight.”
72. Just after the Boer war, Gandhi expressed his loyalty by sending felicitation to Queen Victoria on her birthday.
73. Queen Victoria died in January, 1901 and Gandhi sent a condolence message to the Colonial Secretary in London.
74. Gandhi laid a wreath on the pedestal of the Queen’s statue in Durban and distributed picture of the Queen among the school children.
75. When George-V was coronated as the king of England, Gandhi expressed his loyalty by sending congratulatory telegram to England.
76. The Telegram read: “The Indian residents of this country (i.e. South Africa) sent congratulatory cablegrams on the occasion, thus declaring their loyalty”.
77. In 1909, Lord Ampthill visited South Africa and Gandhi was out to please him by whatever means he could.
78. The British statesmen and rulers always wanted a man who condemned extremists and revolutionists in India.
79. Gandhi took the opportunity to please Armphill by denouncing the revolutionaries of India and their policy.
80. Thru many letters, Gandhi tried 2 convince Ampthill that his doctrine of passive resistance – Satyagraha has no intention to hurt others
81. “A satyagrahi do not inflict sufferings on others, but he invites it on himself” Gandhi declared.
82. It inspired the British to bring Gandhi to India, made him the topmost leader of Indian freedom movement.
83. Gandhi’s creed of Satyagraha was projected as the only mode of freedom struggle in India.
84. Due to this unwavering loyalty to the British Crown, Gandhi was chosen by Rothschild to come to India to lead the freedom movement.


1. Let’s recount the situation that prevailed in India just before Gandhi arrived on the scene from South Afrca.
2. Prominent revolutionaries such as Bagha Jatin , Aurobindo Ghosh , Surya Sen, jatin das, MN Roy etc were fanning the
fire of Independence.
3. There were young patriots like Khudiram Bose and Rash Behari Bose. Kudiram Bose was the youngest revolutionary of Bharat.
4. Lokamanya Bal Gangadhara Tilak supported Khudiram’s bomb explosion at Muzaffarpur, and was sentenced to six years’ in Mandalay.
5. The British sent to prison to Kaala Pani of the great patriot, Ganesh Baburao Savarkar, the elder brother of Veer Savarkar.
6. On 17th Aug 1909, Madan Lal Dhingra was hanged for avenging this exile and imprisonment of G.B.Savarkar.
7. Indian thirst for Independence was very strong and its revolutionary movement was about to burst into a vocano that Brits cant handle.
8. The British desperately needed to douse this flame and they realized that it can only be done from within. Gandhi played his faithful role.
9. The British desperately needed to douse this flame & they realized that it can only be done from within.
10. Here comes the shocking truth! Gandhi the arch-enemy of the revolution played this despicable role of aborting it from within.
11. Gandhi for the first 18 years was a kid going to school, for the next 6 years he was in England.
12. Thereafter for 23 years he stayed in South Africa. Comes to India when he was past 47.
13. How does such a person with literally no root in India’s freedom struggle suddenly become so famous?
14. What was his contribution that had captured the imagination of people in the vast country of India?
15. There was no radio nor television and not even newspaper those days.
16. People were vastly poor and illiterate all over India and how would anyone suddenly know someone from South Africa?
17. These questions agitated my mind for a very long time. The answers were thereafter discernible.
18. British understood that Gandhi’s harmless and nonviolent Satyagraha would pose no threat to the British Empire.
19. British, at that time, were terribly afraid of violent freedom struggle launched by the patriots of Bengal, Maharastra & Punjab.
20 Gandhi, through his speeches and writings, managed to expose that he was against any sort of violence in Indian freedom
21. Gokhale was loved by the British for being the best stooge that they made him CIE (Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire) in 1904.
22. Gokhale was told by Britain to mentor Gandhi, so that he can hand over the mantle to him, later in case his health went bad.
23. In 1912, Gokhale was told to go to South Africa and do the preliminary training of Gandhi.
24. Gandhi himself had written that Gokhale was his mentor and guide.
25. Gokhale was also the role model and mentor of Mohammed Ali Jinnah, the future Shia Muslim founder of Pakistan.
26. Jinnah in 1912, aspired to become, in his own words, the “Muslim Gokhale”!
27. It was not difficult for the British to understand that Gandhi’s harmless and nonviolent Satyagraha would pose no threat to the British Empire.
28. Gandhi used to say, “A Satyagrahi should expect to get killed by an aggressor and not to kill him”.
29. Frankly Rothschild sent Gandhi to India to sabotage the simmering freedom movement. (from )
30. Tata the Opium agents of Rothschild in Bombay had sent huge amount of money to Gandhi, for the pomp and show soon to unfold.
31. The railway station was decorated and even the British joined the grand reception fit for King George!
32. Gokhale told Gandhi to tour extensively all over India in 3rd class train, to give a “darshan” to all Indians.
33.Such was the curiosity raised by endless propaganda of the great Mahatma– that thousands lines up along railway tracks, doing namaste.
34. We dont know if Goebbels won in Germany but the media blitzkrieg for Gandhi was an astonding success!
35.At Calcutta another Opium agent of Rothschild, GD Birla, jumped into the crowd and started pulling Gandhi’s carriage with great gusto!
36. The Governor of Bombay was told by Rothschild to bestow Gandhi the title of “Kaiser E Hind” .
37. The British made sure that every railway station was jam packed with awe struck Indians.
38. Who is this Maha Meru who gave the British and even the King of England, an inferiority complex?
39. At Lucknow Nehru was introduced to Gandhi, as per the Rothschild blueprint. He would be groomed to take over the mantle from Gandhi.
40. After landing at Bombay Gandhi wrote to colonial Governor of Bombay expressing his promise that he would always abide by his instructions.
41. Having been pumped up to be popular Gandhi had a job to do.
42. Gandhi, immediately on reaching India, started recruiting Indian soldiers for the British army, in his eagerness for loyalty to Empire.
43. Gandhi personally travelled far and wide and addressed meetings in his bid to recruit soldiers for Britain. Confused Indians used to ask him: “Why should we help the British invader? What good will it do to us? What had Britain done to deserve our blood?”
44. 13,83,000 Indian soldiers were recruited as a direct result of Gandhi’s actions for overseas action.
45. No other country but India provided this many soldiers. In fact soldier count-wise the war was between India & axis powers.
46. And India had no stake in the war! Such was the immense deception that Gandhi played for the British Imperialists!
47. The British Crown, could have never ever had forced drafting of such a huge number, and given them guns and bullets.
48. Out of this 1.11 lakh or 111000 soldiers were killed in action. There is no count on those who lost their limbs.
49. Britain used Indians in the worst areas of war, in dangerous sectors, in the front lines as canon fodder.
50. Brave Indian soldiers were used in the suicidal areas on the Western Front, in the “deadly” Battle of Gallipoli, in the Sinai, Palestine, Mesopotamia Campaigns, the Siege of Kut and in the Battle of Tanga in East Africa.
51. This is the contribution of Gandhi right after arrival from South Africa. The worst is yet to come.
52.Gandhi under the stealthy but sure protective umbrella of the British used a tactics of openly demoralize & disarm the revolutionaries.
53. On April 24, 1915, in a meeting organized by the Madras Bar Association, Gandhi declared to a shocked audience, “It gives me the greatest pleasure this evening at this very great and important gathering to re-declare my loyalty to the British Empire and my loyalty is based upon very selfish grounds. As a passive resister I discovered that I could not have that free scope which I had under the British Empire … and I discovered that the British Empire has certain ideals with which I have fallen in love.” Difficult to believe this, right?
54. Gandhi never lost an opportunity to condemn the patriotic revolutionaries of India to please the British.
55. He publicly appealed to the volatile youths of Bengal and Punjab, to give up violence.
56. On April 27, 1915, he asked the students of Madras to give up political assassination, political dacoities and conquer the conquerors not by shedding blood, but by sheer force of “spiritual predominance” (sic!).
57. Gandhi condemned violence and said that it was an evil path and that all revolutionaries were anarchists.
58. Gandhi deplored Tilak on the charge of inciting Indians against British rule.
59. Gandhi chastised tall leaders like Subhash Chandra Bose, because they were in favour of immediate independence.
60. Only idiots cant see that all such utterances of Gandhi overjoyed the British invaders.
61. Sir Samuel Hoare, the Viscount of Templewood, made a comment that “Gandhi was one of the best friends of the British”.
62. Afghan Amir Habibulla was murdered in February 1919 and was succeeded by his son Amanullah, who was suspected of being behind the murder.
63. Incited by revolutionaries from India, he tried to rally his forces by attacking the British.
64. His Afghan troops crossed through the Khyber Pass into India in early May, calling on the tribes to rise.
65. Other Afghans were joined by Wazirs and Mahsuds, but they were repelled by General Dyer’s forces.
66. The British defeated the Afghan forces in the Khyber and occupied the frontier town of Dakka.
67. After planes dropped bombs on Kabul and Jalalabad, Amanullah agreed to a truce in August.
68. He negotiated with the Bolsheviks but signed a treaty with the British in November 1921.
69. During the interval Waziristan was out of control. Regular troops from India had to replace the tribal militias.
70. The Sedition Committee named after Justice Rowlatt had submitted its report in April 1918.
71. It led to the repressive Anarchical and Revolutionary Crimes Act also known as Rowlatt Act in March 1919.
72. This act empowered a spl. court to meet in secret & sentence without trial anyone it chooses.
73. They could search and arrest anyone without a warrant, and the confined person had no right to a lawyer.
74. The sentence would demand anyone to furnish security, to reside in a particular area, or to abstain from any specified act.
75. The revolutionary movement (not the Congress) called for a hartal for March 30, and police fired on a crowd in Delhi, killing 8 people.
76. Another hartal was called for April 6.
77. In the Punjab Lt.-Governor Michael O’Dwyer had been ruthlessly suppressing the rights of the people and insulting the educated.
78. He interned hundreds of people, censored the press, and blocked nationalist papers from coming into the province.
79. The two hartals of March 30 & April 06 were fairly peaceful, but on April 9 he deported two prominent leaders.
80. Upon hearing this a crowd marched and police fired upon them killing 6.
81. The crowd became furious and murdered five Europeans, and destroyed several buildings.
82. General Reginald Dyer arrived on April 12 with several hundred troops and began by arresting people and banning all meetings.
83. A public meeting was called for April 13 in the enclosed courtyard at Jallianwala Bagh to protest arrests.
84.Dyer did not warn people it was illegal and ordered troops to fire at the densest part of the crowd of 10,000 people for ten minutes.
85. 1,650 bullets were fired, but they killed 379 and wounded 1,137 people. Dyer did not even have anyone take care of the wounded.
86. Martial law was declared in Amritsar on April 15, and it was not lifted until June 11.
87. Airplanes with machine guns killed at least nine and wounded sixteen people, but unofficial estimates were much higher.
88.Colonialists charged 298 people, 51 were sentenced to death, 46 to transportation for life, and 104 to imprisonment for 3 years or more.
89. General Drake-Brockman of Delhi also made the statement, “Force is the only thing that an Asiatic has any respect for.
90. About 1,200 lives were lost, and more than 3,600 were wounded. The Viceroy refused to postpone the death sentences.
91. General Dyer was however censured and later relieved of his command. (Is it a punishment or a pat?)
92. General Dyer was regarded as a savior of the British empire by many, and the English ladies in India raised £26,000 for him.
93. The British decided to employ Gandhi to divert and douse the revolutionary flame.
94. Gandhi called the people to give up violence and asked them to go through self-purification by prayer and fasting!
95. People became furious. So the police escorted him from a railway station near Delhi to Bombay.
96. News was planted in Bombay and Ahmedabad that the govt was deporting Gandhi from Delhi to Bombay.
97. The crowd retaliated with peaceful demonstration but police indulged in firing killing 28 and wounding 123.
98. Gandhi ‘suspended’ the agitation to which he was not in the lead (!) and announced he is on a 3 day fast.


1.Gandhi began to peddle his most unnatural but bombastic idea called ‘Satyagraha’ that distinguishes no friend or enemy in it.
2.Satyagraha, according to Gandhi, is the law of love for all, and it renounces violence absolutely – a truly delightful message to Britishers.
3.The satyagrahi, said Gandhi, should not have any hatred in his heart against the opponent.
4.Gandhi emphasized self-suffering rather than inflicting suffering on others.
5.The satyagrahi must be prepared to suffer till the end for his cause. In other words, dont fight but die!
6.Gandhi said that by his suffering the satyagrahi can reach the consciences of people. No proof such thing ever happened in history!
7.Gandhi said a satyagrahi may break an unjust law to call attention to injustice and bring suffering on himself as the penalty.
8.Gandhi asked people to defy but not escape from the law ‘like a criminal’ as he put it.
9.Gandhi set people on this useless path knowing full well the enemy is not obliged to concede in absence of pain to him.
10.Gandhi spread the total lie that non-violence is the law of the human race.
11.From such stupid lie Gandhi disarmed the people with another lie that giving up fight is infinitely superior to ‘brute’ force.
12.If you love God you do not consider anyone as enemy and fight him! Thus Gandhi spread the road to adharma.
13.Gandhi thus exhorted people not to defend their property, family or nation.
14.Muslims and colonial Christians & their convertees can rape, loot and pillage your family, your property & your nation and you cant fight!
15.Satyagraha without violence, Gandhi lied, gives the opponent the same rights & liberties. This never fits with the law of struggle!
16.Gandhi’s Satyagrahis overcome evil with good, hatred with love, anger with patience, & violence with ahimsa. This delighted the enemy!
17.Gandhi’s Satyagraha completely suppresses one’s intellect. A Satyagrahi dont have to think. All he has to do is go there and get beaten!
18.Thamasa Guna is a great inertia, a supreme shakthi, and Gandhi knew precisely how to lull it into utter submission!
19.Complete suppression of intellect deprived the people from knowing that they are Hindus.
20.This deprivation disarmed the people from continuing the ancestral fight carried on for a 1000 years for the survival of their Dharma.
21.This is the foundation on which the adharmic secularism was later thrust on Hindus depriving them of their homeland in the partition.
22.All Shakthis exhaust lending space to its opposite. This thaamasa pravaaham of Gandhi has lasted a century and it is sure to ebb.
23.Now let’s get back to where we left off on his arrival from South Africa.
24.He successfully recruited Indians to fight for the British in WW I in Europe and Africa. He became the darling of the British Colonialists.
25. 13,83,000 Indian soldiers were recruited as a direct result of Gandhi’s actions for overseas action.
26.Out of this 1.11 lakh Indian soldiers were killed in action. There were countless injured and maimed.
27.The war ended on the 11th Nov 1918. In return for all the bloody sacrifices by the Indians the British colonialists unleashed terror.
28.The most inhuman terror inflicted on us was at Jalianwallah Baag.
28a. What did Gandhi do when Jalianwallah Baag massacre took place? He condemned all those patriots who spoke against this atrocity!
29.Gandhi took over the editorship of Young India (English) and Navajeevan (Hindi) and unleashed his denunciation of revolutionaries.
30. Gandhi’s arch enemy at this juncture was Bal Gangadhar Tilak.
31. We cannot talk of pre-partition history without finding a place for Bal Gangadhar Tilak in it.
32.On 22 June 1897, Commissioner Rand and another British officer, Lt. Ayerst were shot and killed by the Chapekar brothers and their other associates.
33. In connection with this Tilak was charged with incitement to murder and sentenced to 18 months imprisonment.
34. Tilak was released in 1898. After his release, Tilak launched Swadeshi Movement.
35.Tilak supported Khudiram’s bomb explosion at Muzaffarpur. For this Tilak was arrested & charged with sedition in 1906.
36.Later Tilak was sentenced to six years of imprisonment in Mandalay (Burma).
37.Tilak rejoined Congress upon his return from prison but the split between nationalists & colonial bootlickers was irrepairable.
38.Tilak tried to convince Mohandas Gandhi to leave the idea of “Total Ahimsa” and try to get “Swarajya” by all means.
39.Tilak formed Home Rule League in 1916 to attain the goal of Swaraj. “Swaraj is my birthright and I shall have it” inspired millions of Indians.
40.By then Tilak was inspired by the Russian Revolution and his cry “Swaraj by any means” separated him from Gandhi.
41.Tilak was the first Congress leader to advocate that Hindi written in the Devanagari script as the sole national language of India.
42.While Gandhi was numbing the psyche of Hindus with his ‘Ahimsa’ slogan, Tilak started the Sarvajanik Ganeshotsav to raise Hindu Consciousness.
43.Kazi Saifuddin supported Tilak’s Ganesh Utsav, Shivaji Jayanti etc. However, at the same time Times of India declared Sivaji as anti-Muslim.
44.Tilak was away in England to pursue a defamation case when Jalianwallah Baag massacre took place a scar on us that will never fade.
45.Adding insult 2 the injury the govt passed a Bill of Indemnity 2 protect the civil and military officials any responsibility for their actions.
46.Tilak immediately returned home and gave a clarion call to people not to stop their movement no matter what happened.
47.At this very time Gandhi was appeasing the Muslims who were not fighting for liberation of India but for their Kilafat in Turkey.
48.Gandhi’s support for the Kilafat Movement had killed thousands of precious Hindu lives in Malabar. Gandhi was the most
venomous traitor.
49. It took 29 years since this mopla massacre of Hindus for a Hindu to wake up and avenge their death. Long live Nathuram Vinayak Godse!
50. The rigorous imprisonment in Mandalay had taken the toll on Tilak and he was getting weaker by the day.
51. His body was tired and yet, Tilak undertook tours to awaken the people.
52. Tilak visited Sangli, Hyderabad, Karachi, Sollapur and Kashi and lectured at all these places. Then he came home to Bombay.
53. In July 1920, Tilak’s condition worsened. On 1st August 1920, this greatest Hindu leader after Shivaji breathed his last.
54. Tilak’s death caused a vaccuum among the Swarajis until the arrival of Subhash Bose some 15 years later.
55. The nationalist revolutionaries continued their violent agitation for Swaraj.
56. Gandhi countered it with his passive non-cooperation of picketing liquor houses and schools.
57. Attempts by Gandhi to close Benares University and by Muhammad Ali to shut down the University College of Aligarh both failed.
58. Neither teachers nor govt. servants quit their jobs. Test of constitutional resistance showed grand failure.
59. But rioting started in Bombay protesting the visit of Prince of Wales and police fired & killed 53 and wounded 400.
60. In Calcutta C.R.Das took the non-cooperation to the extreme and got 25000 arrested to the utter dislike of Gandhi.
61. So Gandhi called off the agitation. This is the start of his pattern of launching an agitation only to withdraw without result!
62. In Bengal revolutionaries committed robberies of goverment treasury in 1923 to gain money.
63. Branding them as ‘terrorists’ the Bengal Government revived the repressive laws and arrested more than eighty revolutionaries.
64.In Punjab the Govt controlled the Gurudwara so the Sikhs grabbed it back and the colonialists called it violence & killed 130 Akhalis.
65. The British arrested more than 5000 Akhalis and beaten them to pulp. The Babbar (Lion) Akhalis formed Gaddar Party.
66. The British infiltrated the Gaddar party, arrested and hanged them. Sikh Maharaja of Nabha was forced to abdicate.
67. Akalis protested. Police fired on them, and arrested thousands. Over 400 were killed, 2,000 wounded and 30,000 arrested in the struggle.
68. Master Tara Singh became the Akali leader.Disturbances ceased only when a new gurdwara bill acceptable to Akalis became law in 1925.
69. Revolutionaries met at Kanpur in October 1924 and formed the Hindusthan Republican Association.
70. They declared their aim is to “establish a federated Republic of the United States of India by an organized and armed revolution.”
71. Ramprasad Bismil robbed a train going from Kakori toward Alamnagar on August 9, 1925. He & 3 others were caught and hanged.
72. The govt enticed the Muslims to their side and helped them convert Hindus to put a damper on Hindu militancy.
73. Hindu Mahasabha swung into action and reconverted 450,000 Malakana Rajputs from Islam to Hinduism. Jinnah revived the Muslim League.
74. Britishers after having failed to deter Hindu Militancy with Gandhi’s “Ahimsa” devised a new way to divert & destroy the revolution.
75. The colonialists quietly encouraged Jinnah to indulge in communal frenzy.
76. Communal riots between Hindus and Muslims broke out in Calcutta in May 1923 and lasted for several days. It spread to countryside.
77. Muslims attacked fifteen Hindu temples in Gulburga in Nizam’s territory in 1924.
78. The worst riot was at Kohat in the North-West Frontier Province in September 1924 that killed 36 Hindus and burned 473 houses & shops.
79. Everytime Hindus countered the violence, bloody traitor Gandhi would go on a fast to stop Hindus from retaliating.
80. In April 1926 in Calcutta Muslims killed 44 Hindus and injured 584.
81. Swami Shraddhananda was assassinated by a Muslim fanatic at Delhi in December 1926.
82. On February 3, 1928 the Simon Commission arrived in India only to find huge demonstrations and a complete hartal in the major towns.
83. While Bose called for complete independence Gandhi diluted it with ‘dominion’ status at the bidding of Prime Minister MacDonald.


1. The CWC met on January 2, 1930 to plan the non-cooperation campaign for Purna Swaraj but in reality the demands were then watered down.
2. Gandhi’s demands were: Total prohibition of alcohol, Reduction of salaries of highest grade services. Abolition of the Salt Tax etc.
3. Mohandas Gandhi excluded Subhas Bose and Srinivasa Iyengar from the Congress Working Committee by calling them ‘left wing’.
4. Gandhi was committed to abiding by law & forbade violence even under provocation and refused to urge resigning of legislative seats.
5. Most Congress sponsored history books try 2 associate Nehru with Bose but that is a blatant lie. Nehru considered Bose as his arch enemy.
6. Gandhi started the Salt satyagraha in 1930 and when the govt responded with police beating he called it off.
7. People started reacting to this with attack on police station but police killed 111 people.
8. Gandhi of course withdrew the agitation chiding people for indulging in violence!
9. Gandhi used bombastic words as struggle, rebellions, wars-without-violence but in actual practice they were utter capitulations.
10. In May 1930 the Yugantar party in Calcutta planned to murder Europeans with bombs and destroy the airfield.
11. They also wanted to blow up gas and electric works, petrol supply, telegraph, trams, bridges, and railways.
12. During the next three years they waged 47 attacks, 167 robberies of Britons & their agents, and 24 bombings.
13. They killed 43 people, including 23 officials, while 33 of the revolutionaries were also killed.
14. These histories of valiant fights of Hindu patriots never find a place in the text books.
15. When there was growing dissent with his suspect leadership, after 1930, Gandhi changed tack.
16. He was compelled to support the Indian call of independence just to remain at the driver’s seat!
17. The Gandhi-Irwin pact on 5 March 1931 was the epitome of such capitulation to renounce struggle and cooperate with British.
18. Gandhi feared of the popularity of Bhagat Singh that he refused to sign the mercy petition to save Bhagat Singh’s life.
19. On March 23 1931 the revolutionaries Bhagat Singh, Raj Guru, and Sukh Dev were executed.
20. And Gandhi was singularly responsible to encourage British to hang the revolutionaries.
21. Gandhi also quietly encouraged Hindu-Muslim riots to divert the attention from the hanging.
22. That night a Hindu-Muslim riot broke out in Kanpur, killing atleast 166 people and injuring 480.
23. Gandhi was known for his eccentric manner in deciding things. He had no respect for democracy. This was revealed time and again.
24. Gandhi approved separate reservation for Muslims but opposed reservtion for Harijans & threatened to go on a fast unto death.
25. In August 1932 MacDonald announced his Communal Award that included separate electorates for Muslims, Europeans, Sikhs, and untouchables.
26. Gandhi went on a fast unto death and millions fasted with him for 24 hours because the demand included complete swaraj!
27. Within 3 days Gandhi ended his fast and signed Yeravada Pact that gave twice as many seats to Harijans and no independence!
28. In 1932, Gandhi collected 1crore & 32 lakh Rs in the name of “TILAK SWRAJ” fund, which was collected for the use of Harijans.
29. However, Gandhi did not spend even a single penny on Harijans.
30. Gandhi did not open a single door of a Hindu temple in Gujrat his home province in India for the untouchables.
31. In 1933 Gandhi was arrested after he undertook a fast. The govt always came to his rescue by arresting him whenever he went on fast.
32. Once arrested he ended his fast! He was sentenced to one year in jail.
33. But 3 days later he went on fast for lack of facility inside jail. Compare this to the harshest punishment given to Tilak & Savarkar.
34. Immediately as he began the hunger-strike the govt released him unconditionally. Here comes his eccentricity (or is it his deception?)1/2
35. Gandhi declared suspension of civil disobedience for the duration of the sentence he did not serve in jail !!! 2/2
36. In the meantime Muslims accepted the Communal Award as a victory and held a Unity Conference at Allahabad on November 3, 1932.
37. The British decided to allot one-third of the seats in the Central Legislature to Muslims, and Sind would be a separate province.
38. Hindus lost out in the British poicy of divide-and-rule. It didnt bother Gandhi or his chamchagiri.
39. Only the revolutionaries used violent tactics. The Chittagong branch of the IRA in Bengal issued a manifesto on April 18, 1930.
39. That night fifty youths in khaki captured the Police Armory and the Auxiliary Force Armory in Chittagong, killing a few and looting Armory.
40. They took over the telegraph office and declared a provisional government of India with Surya Sen as president.
41. They were attacked two days later and dispersed in the hills to continue guerrilla warfare.
42. The armory trial ended in 1932, and fourteen were transported for life. Surya Sen was caught in February 1933 and was hanged.
43. Gandhi participated at Round Table Conferences claiming to represent Indian interest.
44. But in all of them either Gandhi sacrificed our interests or broke away without achieving any result.
45. Gandhi claimed to represent the well-beings of Harijans but he was totally casteistic and advocated its virtue.
46. Gandhi would say: “I want to change their minds. Not kill them for weaknesses we all possess.”
47. The English never gave a damn to his fast after all he was only persuading Indians not to fight the British!
48. His toxic non-violence brought misery and death to Indians and helped British to loot and terrorize the nation.
49. His final test on fasting came when he tried fasting against partition. Neither the British nor the Muslims gave a damn!
50. Gandhi was never a democrat. He scorned at dissent. His chamchas use to canvass that if people don’t listen to Gandhi then he will fast and die!
51. Here are some examples of Gandhi’s double face.
Gandhi was saying that the creation of Pakistan would only be made on his dead body.
52. But it was Gandhi who signed 1st on the proposal for partition and creation of Pakistan!
53. Gandhi used to say that Subhash Chander Bose is like his own son, but Gandhi went on hunger strike until Bose leave
his post in congress.
54. Gandhi promised to British govt. that “if we found Bose we will handover him to you” (Bose had escaped house arrest).
55. Gandhi feigned to live in poverty while saying Poverty is the worst form of violence.
56. Gandhi loved poverty but he admitted: “I have friends who keep telling me how much it costs them to keep me in poverty.”
57. Gandhi’s Ahimsa meant doing no harm to the British, the Muslims and Christians. His Ahimsa is but real himsa to Hindus.
58. Gandhi controlled the Hindus so the Muslims could get upper hand.
59. In 1946, Muslims were asked to vote for the League because ‘a vote for the League and Pakistan was a vote for Islam.’
60. Muslim League meetings were often held in the mosques after Friday prayers. Pakistan, it was promised, would be ruled under the Sharia.
61. While Muslims were uniting themselves in mosques Gandhi for no reason when none ever-demanded created division to pit Hindus against Hindus.
62. Gandhi’s temple entry movement was ill-timed and did no good to Hindus but disarmed and disunited them.
63. Muslims were asked to choose between a mosque which was portrayed as a place of equality and a temple as a place of discrimination.
64. The Quran was widely used as the League’s symbol.
65. League’s fight with the Congress was portrayed as a fight between Islam and Kufr (infidelity).
66. Muslim League’s demand for Pakistan unwittingly portrayed the Congress as agents of the Hindus though far from it.
67. The League told the Muslims the lie “In Congress provinces Muslim life, limb and property have been lost and blood had freely flowed.”
68. Lie No. 2. “There the Muslims are leading their lives in constant terror, overawed and oppressed by Hindus.”
69. Lie No. 3. “There mosques are being defiled and the culprit never found nor is the Muslim worshipper unmolested.”
70. M.H. Gazdar warned in March 1941: ‘The Hindus will have to be eradicated like the Jews in Germany if they did not behave properly.’
71. Year after year, V.D. Savarkar warned Hindus of the dangers of being dominated by Muslims.
72. In 1937 Savarkar warned of the impending disaster waiting for the Hindus.
Savarkar: “Muslims want to brand the forehead of Hindus and other non-Muslim sections in Hindustan with a stamp of self humiliation.”
73. Guru Golwalkar said:”We Hindus are at war at once with the Muslims on the one hand and British on the other.”
74. Guru Golwalkar warned: “Congress leaders in the true fascist style of asking Hindus to ‘submit meekly to the atrocities of the Muslims.”
75. Congress was telling the Hindu ‘that he was imbecile, that he had no spirit, no stamina to stand on his own legs and fight for the independence of his motherland and that all this had to be injected into him in theform of Muslim blood.’
76. Golwalkar said in 1947, pointing his finger at Gandhiji: ‘Those who declared “No Swaraj without Hindu-Muslim unity” have thus perpetrated the greatest treason on our society. They have committed the most heinous sin of killing the life- spirit of a great and ancient people.’ He accused Gandhiji of having declared: “There is no Swaraj without Hindu-Muslim unity and the simplest way in which this unity can be achieved is for all the Hindus to become Muslims.”
77. Golwalkar in conrast to Gandhi gave the following advice: ‘The non-Hindu peoples in Hindusthan must either adopt the Hindu culture and language, must learn to respect and hold in reverence Hindu religion, must entertain no ideas but those of glorification of the Hindu race and culture, i.e., they must not only give up their attitude of intolerance and ungratefulness towards this land and its age long traditions but must also cultivate the positive attitude of love and
devotion instead – in one word, they must cease to be foreigners, or may stay in the country, wholly subordinate to the Hindu nation, claiming nothing, deserving no privileges, far less any preferential treatment – not even citizen’s rights.’
78. Going further, Golwalkar wrote; ‘We Hindus are at war at once with the Muslims on the one hand and British on the other.’
79. On 19th February 1946, Attlee in the House of Commons announced the decision to dispatch the Cabinet Mission to India.
80. The Cabinet Mission was convinced that Pakistan was not viable and that the Muslim autonomy somehow be safeguarded within a united India.
81. The Mission suggested 3 autonomous regions – which are roughly what is now Pakistan, Bagladesh & India.
82. Mission also suggested a center controlling defence, foreign affairs and communications.
83. After the first general election a province could come out of a group. This was British blueprint for partition.
84. Muslim League wanted immediate separation and gave out their battle cry: “Lekar rahenge Pakistan, Larke lenge Pakistan”.
85. With this battle cry the Muslim groups on l6 August 1946 attacked Hindus and 5000 lives were lost in one day.
86. The British goaded Jinnah to unleash civil war and used it as a leverage to force Congress to concede the partition.
87. Gandhi was the first to sign on it! Lord Wavell quietly brought the League into the Interim Government on 26 October 1946.
88. The British originally announced to quit on 30th June 1948 and decided to leave on 15 Aug 1947 because Congress was crumbling in face of violence.
89. The rationale for the early date for transfer of power, 15th August 1947, was securing Congress agreement to Dominion Status.
90. The speed with which it was done made it worse. 72 days for both transfer of power and division of the country, was to prove disastrous.
91. The Partition Council had to divide assets, down to typewriters and printing presses, in a few weeks.
92. There was no peaceful transition. More than a CRORE of the people of Hindustan mostlly Hindus and Sikhs were murdered on a single day.
93. 15 Aug 1947 is not a day of Independence. It was a day of worst genocide of Hindus in modern History.
94. It took over 4 years for that many people to die in World War 1 but it took just one day in India and it is a shame no one talks about it.
95. Gandhi and his Congress party is singularly responsible for this calamity. But they celeberate it as Independence day.
96. Our children are never told of this calamity and violence inflicted on our ancestors that was brought on us by a traitor’s Ahimsa.
97. On this 15th August is the anniversary of the Hindu Massacre and not of our independence.
98.Ye Hindu! Wont you grieve & mourn for those luckless victims? Pl. shed a drop of tear for them. It will be your Tharpan!


Gandhi was shot and killed on January 30th, 1948, by the patriotic Hindu Nathuram Vinayak Godse for a seemingly endless 4 decades of treason.
Even to this day the anti-Hindu seculrist forces inside and outside the country call him apostle of peace. Lies have a way of resurrecting!
Red Fort:
A Special Court was constituted to conduct the trial. Shri Atma Charan Agrawal, I.C.S. was appointed as the Judge.
The venue of the court was the memorable Red Fort, Delhi. This was to be the third historical trial to be witnessed here. The first was of Bahadur Shah Jafar and other accused. They were among those who waged War of Independence against the British in 1857. The second was in 1945. The officers of the Indian National Army commanded by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose were charged with revolt against the British rule during the Second World War. The third was to be for Gandhi murder. A row of cells in one of the walls of the fort was turned into a jail for the accused.
Twelve persons were accused on different charges. Three of them were absconding. The nine produced before Shri Atma Charan on May 27, 1948 and onward were (1) Nathuram Vinayak Godse, 37, Pune, (2) Narayan Dattatraya Apte, 34, Pune, (3) Vishnu Ramkrishna Karkare, 37, Ahmednagar. (4) Madanlal K. Pahwa, 20, Bombay (originally from Dist. Montgomery, Pakistan) (5) Shankar Kistaiya, 20, Solapur, (6) Gopal Vinayak Godse, 27, Pune, (7) Digambar Ramchandra Badge, 40, Pune, (8) Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, 66, Bombay, and (9) Dattatraya Sadashiv Parchure, 47. Gwalior. The three absconding persons were (1) Gangadhar Dandavate, (2) Gangadhar Jadhao, and (3) Suryadeo Sharma, all from Gwalior.
Accused number 7 Digamber Badge turned approver. Savarkar then became accused number 7. Savarkar had a glorious background as a fiery revolutionary. The history of Independence of India cannot be complete without a reference to him. He fired the imagination of Indian youth with the philosophy of Joseph Mazzini, the stalwart of the Italian Liberation Movement. Savarkar was accused of sedition and sentenced to transportation for life twice, that was in 1910. He was free only in 1937, from any restrictions imposed on him. The revolutionary fervor of Savarkar was the source of inspiration for Subhash Bose. Savarkar had forewarned years before the actual partition that the leading party i.e. the Congress would deceive the people and divide India to appease Muslims, and then it would also appease Muslim sentiments in the rest of India.
Accused number 2 Narayan Apte was B.Dc, B.T. He was a popular teacher. He conducted private classes as well. He stayed at Nagar, 70 kms away from Pune where Karkare accused no 3 was residing. It was later in 1944 that Apte and Nathuram jointly launched Hindu Rashtra a Marathi daily from Pune for propagating the cause of Hindu Sanghatan. The last issue of the daily was January 31, 1948 carried the news of G’s death and mentioned the name of his killer, Nathuram Godse, as its editor.
Vishnu Karkare had a lodging and boarding house at Nagar. When Noakhali (now in Bangladesh) had become the slaughterhouse of Hindus there, Karkare, with a batch of ten had gone there to mobilize the Hindus and adopt a militant posture in their defence. He had raised a number of shelter camps under the Hindu Maha Sabha banner. This was in 1946-47. He was present on the spot on January 20 and 30 in Delhi.
Madanlal, who had exploded the gun-cotton slab, was a refugee from what is today Pakistan. He was a witness to the awful events of massacre, loot and arson. Madanlal has narrated his poignant sufferings in his statement before the Court.
Shankar Kistaiya, accused number 5 served Digambar Badge, the approver. He was in Delhi on the spot on January 20,1948.
Gopal Godse accused number 6 is a brother of Nathuram Godse. He served in the Ordinance department, had gone abroad in the Second World War and on return was posted in Khadaki Depot near Pune.
Digamber Badge was a dealer in arms. He held a conviction that Hindus should be armed in the pockets in which they were in minority and be able to retaliate in case of attack from Muslims. The prosecution claimed that it was Badge who had supplied the gun-cotton slab ignited by Madanlal. He was present on the spot on January 20 in Delhi.
Accused number 8, D.S. Parchure, was a doctor. He practiced at Gwalior. He was an able Hindu organizer who met attacks by Muslims with counter-attacks. He was involved on the charge that Nathuram obtained the pistol from him.
The prosecution produced 149 witnesses. The hearing was closed on December 30, 1948 and judgment reserved. It was pronounced on February 10, 1949.
Veer Savarkar was acquitted.
Digamber Badge was granted pardon and set free for having deposed against his co accused.
Vishnu Karkare, Madanlal Pahwa, Gopal Godse, Shankar Kistaiya and Dr. Parchure were to suffer, inter alia, transportation for life.
Nathuram Godse and Narayan Apte were sentenced to be hanged.
No sooner the sentences were announced the packed Courtroom echoed to the thundering of spontaneous slogans from the convicts, ‘AKHAND BHARAT AMAR RAHE!, ‘VANDE MATARAM! AND ‘SWATANTRYA LAXMI KI JAI!’
‘Friends of the eight accused one was the greatest freedom fighter of all times Savarkar, another a teacher i.e. Narayan Apte, a doctor in Dr Parchure, a refugee Madanlal (my grand parents / parents who lived in Pakistan Punjab have told me horror stories of partition), Badge turned approver. Looking at their profiles I am all the more intrigued about their alleged decision to kill G?’ Educated people use the power of reason to convince themselves before doing any act, good or bad. Did these educated guys strong enough reason to kill G? Read on -
All the seven convicts submitted appeals to the Punjab High Court that had post partition shifted from Lahore to Simla. Justice Bhanadari, Achhru Ram and Khosla J J heard the appeals in May and June 1949. They found Shankar K and Dr Parchure not guilty and acquitted them. The sentences of Vishnu K, Gopal Godse and Madanlal Pahwa were confirmed. The Judge’s also confirmed the death sentence of Narayan Apte and Nathuram Godse.
Assassin’s Profile:
It is obvious that the High Court was struck by the conduct and ability of Nathuram. It has made a special reference to it while recording the judgement. Says Justice Achhru Ram :
“Of all the appellants Nathuram V. Godse has not challenged his conviction under Sec. 302 of the Indian Penal Code, nor has he appealed from the sentence of death passed on him in respect of the offence. He has confined his appeal and also his arguments at the Bar only to the other charges, which have been found, proved against him……… He personally argued his appeal, I must say, with conspicuous ability evidencing a mastery of facts which would have done credit to any counsel.”
 As regards Nathuram’s power of thinking, the Judge noted:
“Although he failed in his matriculation examination, he is widely read. While arguing his Appeal, he showed a fair knowledge of the English language and a remarkable capacity for clear thinking.”
In the course of arguments, Nathuram had made a plea that on January 20, 1948 he was not present at the Birla House. The judges rejected the plea. In support of their rejection, they referred to their observations of the strong will power of Nathuram. Shri Achhru Ram says:
“We have seen quite enough of Nathuram during the period of more than five weeks we were hearing these appeals and particularly during the eight or nine days while he was arguing his own case, and I cannot imagine that a man of his caliber could have even entertained the idea (of remaining behind).”
Not guilty :
Justice Khosla after retirement, in a pen picture of the Court scene as it then passed before his mind’s eye has said:
“The highlight of the appeal before us was the discourse delivered by Nathuram Godse in his defence. He spoke for several hours, discussing, in the first instance, the facts of the case and then the motive, which had prompted him to take Mahatma Gandhi’s life……
“The audience was visibly and audibly moved. There was a deep silence when he ceased speaking. Many women were in tears and men coughing and searching for their handkerchiefs. The silence was accentuated and made deeper by the sound of an occasional subdued sniff or a muffled cough…
“I have however, no doubt that had the audience of that day been constituted into a jury and entrusted with the task of deciding Godse’s appeal. They would have brought in a verdict of ‘not guilty’ by an over-whelming majority.’
Nathuram had displayed the same ability while arguing his case before Shri Atma Charan, the Judge of the Special Court, Red Fort, Delhi.
The statement in the following pages is a part of the record of the Gandhi murder case, which can be found in Printed Volume II, Criminal Appeals Nos 66 to 72 of the 1949 Punjab High Court (then at) Simla.


Answer to Charge-sheet                                                                                                     Chapter 2 – 1
The number 15 is the para number as it appears in the book. What you have here are excerpts.
15 –  I have never made a secret about the fact that I supported the ideology, which was opposed to that of Gandhiji. I firmly believed that the teachings of absolute Ahimsa as advocated by Gandhiji would ultimately result in the emasculation of the Hindu community incapable of resisting the aggression of other communities especially the Muslims.
To counter this evil I decided to enter public life and as a part of the propaganda started a daily newspaper Agrani. I might mention that is not so much Gandhi’s Ahimsa that we were opposed to but his bias for Muslims, prejudicial and detrimental to the Hindu Community and its interests. I have fully described my point of view and have quoted instances when how Gandhi became responsible for a number of calamities which the Hindu community had to suffer and undergo.
16.  On 13th of January 1948. I learnt that Gandhiji had decided to go on fast unto death. The reason given for such fast was that he wanted an assurance of Hindu-Muslim unity in Indian Dominion. But I and many others could easily see that the real motive behind the fast was not merely the so-called Hindu-Muslim Unity, but to compel the Dominion Government to pay the sum of Rs. 55 crores to Pakistan, the payment of which was emphatically refused by the Government.
25.  Having reached Delhi in great despair, I visited the refugee camps at Delhi. While moving in the camps my thoughts took a definite and final turn. Chancely I came across a refugee who was dealing in arms and he showed me the pistol. I was tempted to have it and I bought it from him. It is the pistol which I later used in the shots I fired. On coming to the Delhi Railway station I spent the night of 29th thinking and re-thinking about my resolve to end the present chaos and further destruction of the Hindus. I shall now deal about my relations with Veer Savarkar in political and other matters of which the prosecution has made so much.
26.  Born in a devotional Brahmin family, I instinctitively came to revere Hindu religion, history and culture. I had been instinctively proud of Hinduism as a whole. Nevertheless as I grew up I developed a tendency to free unthinking unfettered by a superstitious allegiance to any ism political or religious. That is why I worked actively for the eradication of untouchability and the caste system based on birth alone. I publicly joined anti-caste movements and maintained all that Hindus should be treated with equal status as to rights social and religious, and should be high or low on merit alone, and not through the accident of birth in a particular caste or profession. I used to take part in organized anti-caste dinners in which of Hindus broke caste rules and dined the company of each other.
27.  I have read the works of Dadabhai Naoraji, Vivekanand, Gokhale, Tilak with the books of ancient and modern history of India and some prominent countries in the world like England, France, America and Russia. Not only that I studied tolerably well the current tenets of socialism and Communism too. But above all I studied very closely whatever Veer Savarkar and Gji had written or spoken, as to my mind, these two ideologies had contributed more to the thought and action of modern India during the last fifty years or so, than any other any single factor had done.
28.  All this reading and thinking brought me to believe me that above all it was my first duty to serve Hindudom and the Hindu people.
29.  I have worked for several years in the R.S.S. and later joined the Hindu Mahasabha and volunteered myself to fight as a soldier under its pan-Hindu flag. About this time Savarkar was elected as the president of the Sabha. The movement got electrified and millions of sanghatanists looked up to him as the chosen hero, as the ablest and most faithful advocate of the Hindu cause. I too was one of them, in the process came to be personally acquainted with Savarkarji.
30.  Later on my friend Apte and myself decided to start a daily paper devoted to Hindu Sanghatan Movement. After securing sympathy and financial help from a number of Sanghatanist we met Savarkar as the President of the Mahasabha. He advanced a sum of Rs 15,000/ as his quota of the capital required, on the condition that a limited company should be registered at the earliest and his advance should be transformed into so many shares.
31.  Accordingly, we started the Daily Marathi paper, Daily Agrani. The sums advanced by Savarkar and others were converted into shares of Rs 500 each. Among the directors and donors were such leading men as Seth Gulab Chand (brother of Seth Walchand Hirachandji), Mr Shingre, an ex-Minister of Bhor, Shreeman Bhalji Pendharkar, the film magnate of Kolhapur and others. I was the editor with Apte and myself being Managing Directors of the company.
33.  But it must be specifically noted that our casual visits to Savarkar Sadan were restricted generally to this Hindu Sanghatan office, situated on the ground floor. Savarkar was residing on the first floor. It was rarely that we could meet Savarkar personally and that too by personal appointment.
34.  Some three years ago, Savarkar’s health got seriously impaired and since then he was confined to bed. Thus deprived of his virile leadership the activities and influence of the Mahasabha got crippled and when Dr Mookerjee became its President it was reduced to the position of a handmaid to the Congress. It became quite incapable of counteracting the dangerous anti-Hindu activities of Gandhite cabal on the one hand and the Muslim League on the other. Seeing this I lost all hope in the efficiency of the policy of running the Sanghatan movement on the constitutional lines of the Mahasabha and began to shift myself. I determined to organized a youthful group of Sanghatanists and adopt a fighting program against the Congress and the League without consulting any of those prominent but old leaders of the Mahasabha.
35.  I shall just mention here two striking instances only out of a number of them which painfully opened my eyes about this time to the fact that Veer Savarkar and other old leaders of Mahasabha could no longer be relied upon by me and the Hindu youths of my persuasion to guide or even to appreciate the fighting program with which we aimed to counteract Gandhiji’s activities inside and the Muslim League outside. In 1946 or thereabout the Muslim atrocities perpetrated on the Hindus under the Government patronage of Surhawardy in Noakhali, made our blood boil. Our shame and indignation knew no bounds, when we saw that Gandhiji had come forward to shield that very Surhawardy and began to style him as ‘Shahid Saheb-a Martyr Soul (!) even in his prayer meetings. Not only that but after coming to Delhi, Gandhiji began to hold his prayer meetings in a Hindu temple in Bhangi Colony andpersisted in reading passages from Quoran as a part of the prayer in that Hindu temple in spite of the protest of the Hindu worshippers there. Of course he dared not read the Geeta in a mosque in the teeth of Muslim reaction would have been if he had done so. But he could safely trample over the feelings of the tolerant Hindu. To belie this belief I determined to prove to Gandhiji that the Hindu too could be intolerant when his honor was insulted.
36 to 39 –  Apte and I decided to stage a series of demonstrations in Delhi at his meeting and make it impossible for him to hold such prayers. Seeing the protest Gandhi slyly took shelter behind barred and guarded doors. But when Savarkar read about the report of this demonstration he blamed me for such anarchical tactics. Another incident was the treatment of the post Independence Indian government by the Mahasabhaites. Savarkar felt that the government needed all support to prevent a Civil War and enable Muslims to realize their mission to turn the whole of India into Pakistan. My friends and others were unconvinced. We felt that time had come to bid good-bye to Savarkar and cease to consult him in our future policy and programs, nor should we confide in him our plans.
40.  Just after that followed the terrible outburst of Muslim fanaticism in the Punjab and other parts of India. TheCongress Government began to persecute, prosecute, and shoot the Hindus themselves who dared to resist the Muslim forces in Bihar, Calcutta, Punjab and other places. Our worst fears seemed to be coming true; and yet how painful and disgraceful it was for us to find that the 15th of August 1947 was celebrated with illumination and festivities, while the whole of the Punjab was set by the Muslims in flames and Hindu blood ran rivers. The Hindu Mahasabhaites of my persuasion decided to boycott the festivities and the Congressite Government and to launch a fighting program to check Muslim onslaughts.
45.  I began to criticize the Mahasabha and the policy of its old leaders in my daily paper Agrani.
47.  I would not have referred to the above details in his statement but for the learned prosecutor’s opening speech in which he painted me as a mere tool in the hands of Savarkar.
Gandhiji’s Politics X-rayed                                                                                                         Chapter 2.2.
51.  In my writings and speeches I have always advocated that the religious and communal consideration should be entirely eschewed in the public affairs of the country. At elections, inside and outside the legislatures and in the making and unmaking of Cabinets I have throughout stood for a secular State with joint electorates and to my mind this is the only sensible thing to do. (Here I read parts of the resolutions passed at the Bilaspur Session of the Hindu Mahasabha held in December, 1994. Annexure Pages 12 and 13), Under the influence of the Congress this ideal was steadily making headway amongst the Hindus. But the Muslims as a community first stood aloof and later on under the corroding influence of the Divide and Rule Policy of the foreign masters were encouraged to cherish the ambition of dominating the Hindus. The first indication of this outlook was the demand for separate electorates (conceded by the Congress firstly by the Lucknow Pact of 1916 and at each successive revision of the constitution thereafter) instigated by the then Viceroy Lord Minto in 1906. The British Government accepted this demand under the excuse of minority protection. While the Congress party offered a verbal opposition, it progressively supported separatism by ultimately adopting the notorious formula of neither accepting nor rejecting in 1934.
52.  Thus had originated and intensified the demand for the disintegration of this country. What was the thin end of the wedge in the beginning became Pakistan in the end.
54.  Under the inspiration of our British masters on one hand and encouragement under G’s leadership on the other, the Muslim League went on increasing its demands on Communal basis. The Muslim community continuously backed the League, each successive election proved that the League was able to bank on the fanaticism and ignorance of the Muslim masses and the League was those encouraged, in its policy of separatisms on an ever-increasing scale year after year.
56.  I will consider it a religious and moral duty to resist and if possible to overpower such an enemy by the use of force. Shree Ramchandra killed Ravan in a tumultuous fight and relieved Sita. Shree Krishna killed Kansa to end his wickedness. In the Mahabharat Arjun had to fight and slay, quite a number of his friends and relations including the revered Bhishma, because the latter was on the side of the aggressor. It is my firm belief that in dubbing Rama, Krishna and Arjuna as guilty of violence is to betray a total ignorance of the springs of human action. It was the heroic fight put up by the Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj that first checked and eventually destroyed Muslim tyranny: in India. It was absolutely correct tactics for Shivaji to kill Afzul Khan as the latter would otherwise have surely killed him. In condemning Shivaji, Rana Pratap and Guru Govind as misguided patriots, Gandhiji has merely exposed his self-conceit.
59.  As pointed out herein below Gandhi’s political activities can be conveniently divided under three heads. He returned to India from Emgland sometime about the end of 1914 and plunged into the public life of the country almost immediately. Unfortunately after his arrival Sir Pherozeshah Mehta and G.K. Gokhale, Gandhi called the latter his Guru, died within a short span of time. Gandhi’s began his work by starting an Ashram in Ahmedabad on the banks of the Sabarmati river, and made Truth and Non-Violence his slogans. He had often acted contrary to his professed principles and it was for the appeasing the Muslim he hardly had any scruple in doing so. Truth and non-violence are excellent as an ideal, to be practiced in day-today-life and not in the air. I am showing later on that Gandhiji himself was guilty of glaring breaches of his much-vaunted ideals.
61. When Gandhiji returned to India at the end of 1914, he brought with him a very high reputation for courageous leadership of Indians in South Africa. He had placed himself at the head of the struggle for the assertion and vindication of the national self-respect of India and for our rights of citizenship against white tyranny in that country. He was honored by Hindus, Muslims and Parsis alike and was universally acclaimed as the leader of all Indians in South Africa. His simplicity, devotion, self-sacrifice etc had raised the prestige of Indians. In India he had endeared himself to all.
62.  In South Africa Indians had claimed nothing but elementary rights of citizenship, which were denied to them. Hindus, Muslims and Parsis therefore stood united against the common enemy. The Indian problem at home was quite different.
We were fighting for home-rule, self-government and independence. We were determined to overthrow an Imperial Power, which was determined to continue its sway over us by using all possible means including the policy of Divide and Rule which had intensified the cleavage between the Hindus and Muslims. Gandhiji was thus confronted at the very outset with a problem the like of which he had never encountered in South Africa. But in India communal franchise, separate electorates and the like had already undermined the solidarity of the nation. Gandhiji, therefore found it most difficult to obtain the unquestioned leadership of the Hindus and the Muslims in India as in South Africa. It was absurd for his honest mind to think of accepting the generalship of an army divided against itself.
63. For the first five years there was not much hope for the attainment by him of supreme leadership in Indian politics. The stalwarts Tilak, Naoroji others were still alive and Gandhi was still a junior compared to them in age and experience. But an inexplorable fate removed all of them in five years and with the death of Tilak in 1920, Gandhiji was at once thrown into the front line.
64. He saw that the foreign rulers by the policy of ‘Divide and Rule’ were corrupting the patriotism of the Muslim and that there was little chance of his leading a united host to the battle for Freedom unless he was able to cement fellow feeling and common devotion to the Motherland. He, therefore, made Hindu-Muslim Unity the foundation of his polities. As a counter to the British tactics he started making the most friendly approaches to the Muslim community and reinforced them by making generous and extravagant promises to the Muslims. This, of course, was not wrong in itself so long as it was done consistently with India’s struggle for democratic national freedom; but Gandhiji completely forgot this, the most essential aspect of his campaign for unity, with what results we all know by now.
65.  Our British masters were able to make concessions to Muslims and to keep the various communities divided. By 1919 Gandhiji had become desperate in his endeavor to get Muslims to trust him and went from one absurd promise to another. He backed the Khilafat Movement in this country and was able to enlist the full support of the National Congress in that policy. For a time Gandhi appeared to succeed and prominent Muslim leaders became his followers. Jinnah was nowhere in 1920-21 and the Ali Brothers became defacto Muslim leaders. He made the most of the Ali Brothers, raised them to the skies by flattery and unending concessions. The Muslims ran the Khilafat Committee as a distinct political religious organization and throughout maintained it as a separate identity from the Congress, very soon the Moplah Rebellion showed that the Muslims had not the slightest idea of national unity on which Gandhiji had set his heart and had staked so much. There followed as usual in such cases, a huge slaughter of Hindus, forcible conversion and rape.
By the Act of 1919 separate electorates were enlarged and communal representation was continued not merely in the legislature and the local bodies but even extended within the Cabinet. The services began to be distributed on the communal basis and the Muslims obtained high jobs from our British Masters not on merit but by remaining aloof from the struggle for freedom and because of their being the followers of Islam.
Government patronage to Muslims in the name of Minority protection penetrated throughout the body politic of the Indian State and the Mahatma’s meaningless slogans were no match against this wholesale corruption of the Muslim mind. By 1925 it had become clear that the Government won all the time but like the proverbial gambler Gandhiji increased his stake.
He agreed to the separation of Sind and to the creation of a separate province in the N.W.Frontier. He also went on conceding one demand after to another to the Muslim League in the vain hope of enlisting its support in the national struggle. By this time the stock of the Ali Brothers had gone down and Mr Jinnah who had staged a comeback was having the best of both the worlds. Whatever concessions the Government and the Congress made, Mr Jinnah accepted and asked for more.
Separation of Sind from Bombay and the creation of the N. W. Frontier were followed by the Round Table Conference in which the minority question loomed large. Mr. Jinnah stood out against the federation until Gandhiji himself requested Mr. Mc Donald, the Labour Premier, to give the Communal Award. Further seeds were thereby sown for the disintegration of this country. The communal principle became deeply imbeded in the Reforms of 1935. Mr Jinnah took the fullest advantage of every situation. The Federation of India, which was to consolidate Indian Nationhood, was in fact, defeated; Mr. Jinnah had never taken kindly to it.
The Congress continued to support the Communal Award neither supporting nor rejecting it, which really meant its tactical acceptance. During the War 1939-44, Mr. Jinnah took up openly one attitude – a sort of benevolent neutrality – and promised to support the war as soon as the Muslims rights were conceded, in April 1940, within six months of the War; Jinnah came out with the demand for Pakistan on the basis of the two-nation theory.
66. The Mahasabha realized that the War was an opportunity for our young men to have military training. The result was that nearly ½ million Hindus learnt the art of war and mastered the mechanized aspect of modern warfare. The troops being used today in Kashmir and Hyderabad would have not have been there ready made but for the effort of men with such outlook.
67. The ‘Quit India’ campaign of 1942 had completely failed. Britishers had triumphed and the Congress leaders decided to come to terms with them. Indeed in the subsequent years the Congress policy can be quite correctly described as ’Peace at any Price’ and ‘Congress in Office at all costs.’ The Congress compromised with the Britishwho placed it in office and in return the Congress surrendered to the violence of Mr. Jinnah, carved out one-third of India to him an explicitly racial and theological State and destroyed two million human beings in the process,
68. This section summarizes the background of the agony of India’s partition and the tragedy of Gandhiji assassination. Neither the one nor the other gives me any pleasure to record or to remember, but the Indian people and the world at large need to know the history of the last thirty years during which Indian has been torn into pieces by the Imperialist Policy of the British and under a mistaken policy of communal amity. One hundred and ten millions of people have become homeless of which 4 million are Muslims and when I found that even after such terrible results Gandhiji continued to pursue the same policy of appeasement, my blood boiled, and I could not tolerate him any longer. Gandhiji in fact successed in doing what the British always wanted to do in pursuance of their policy of Divide and Rule. He helped them in dividing India and it is not yet certain whether their rule has ceased.
Gandhiji’s Politics X-Rayed                                                                                                       Chapter 2.3
69. The accumulating provocation of 32 years culminating in his latest pro-Muslim fast at last goaded me to the conclusion that the existence of Gandhiji should be brought to an end. On coming back to India he developed a subjective mentality under which he alone was to be the final judge of what was right or wrong. If the country wanted his leadership it had to accept his infallibility, if it did not, he would stand aloof from the Congress and carry on in his own way. He alone was the judge of everyone and everything, he was the master brain behind guiding the civil disobedience movement, nobody else knew the technique of that movement, he alone knew when to begin and when to withdraw it. The movement may successed or fail, bring untold disasters and political reverses but that could make no difference to the Mahatma’s infallibility. Many people thought his politics were irrational but had to either withdraw from the Congress or place their intelligence at his feet to do what he liked with it. In such a position of such irresponsibility Gandhiji was guilty of blunder after blunder. Not one single political victory can be claimed to his credit during 33 years of his political predominance. Herein below I mention in some details the series of blunders, which he committed during 32 years of his undisputed leadership.
70. In the moment of opportunism the Mahatma misconceived the idea that by helping the Khilafat Movement he would become the leader of the Muslims in India as the already was of the Hindus and that with the Hindu-Muslim Unity thus achieved the British would soon have to concede Swaraj. But again, Gandhiji miscalculated and by leading the Indian National Congress to identify itself with the Khilafat Movement, he quite gratuitously introduced theological element. Which has proved a tragic and expensive calamity. For the moment the movement for the revival of the Khilafat appeared to be succeeding. The Muslims who were not with the Khilafat Movement soon became out of date and the Ali Brothers who were its foremen leaders swam on the crest of a wave of popularity and carried everything before them. Mr. Jinnha found himself a lonely figure and was of no consideration for a few years. The movement however failed.
Our British Masters were not unduly shaken and as a combined result of repression and the Montague Chelmsford Reforms they were able to tide over the Khilafat Movement in a few years time. The Muslims had kept the Khilafat Movement distinct from the Congress all along; they welcomed the Congress support but they did not merge with it. When failure came the Muslims became desperate with disappointment and their anger was sited on the Hindus. Innumerable riots in the various parts of India followed. The chief victims being the Hindus everywhere. The Hindu-Muslim Unity of the Mahatma became a mirage.
The Moplah rebellion as it was called was the most prolonged and concentrated attack on the Hindu religion, Hindu honor, Hindu life and Hindu property; hundreds of Hindus were forcibly converted to Islam, women were outraged. The Mahatma who had brought about all this calamity on India by his communal policy kept mum. He never uttered a single word of reproach against the aggressors nor did he allow the Congress to take any active steps whereby repetition of such outrages could be prevented. On the other hand he went to the length of denying the numerous cases of forcible conversions in Malabar and actually published in his paper ‘Young India’ that there was only one case of forcible conversion.
Afghan Amir Intrigue – “I cannot understand why the Ali Brothers are going to be arrested as the rumors go, and why I am to remain free. They have done nothing, which I would not do. If they had sent a message to Amir, I also would send one to inform the Amir that if he came, no Indian so long as I can help it would help the Government to drive him back.’
Attack on Arya Samaj – Gandhiji ostentatiously displayed his love for Muslims by a most unworthy and unprovoked attack on the Arya Samaj in 1924. He publicly denounced the Samaj for its supposed sins of omission and commission; it was an utterly unwarranted reckless and discreditable attack, but whatever would please the Mohammedans was the heart’s desire of Gandhiji
The late Lala Lajpat Rai, and Swami Shradhanand to mention only two names were staunch Arya Samajists but they were foremost amongst the leaders of the Congress till the end of their life. They did not stand for blind support to Gandhi, but were definitely opposed to his pro-Muslim policy, and openly fought him on that issue.
Gandhiji’s attack did not improve his popularity with the Muslims but it provoked a Muslim youth to murder Swami Shraddhanandji within a few months.
Separation of Sind  –  By 1928 Mr. Jinnah’s stock had risen very high and the Mahatma had already conceded many unfair and improper demands of Mr. Jinnah at the expense of Indian democracy and the Indian nation and the Hindus. The Mahatma even supported the separation of Sind from the Bombay Presidency and threw the Hindus of Sind to the communal wolves. Numerous riots took place in Sind- Karachi, Sukkur, Shikapur and other places in which the Hindus were the only sufferers and the Hindu-Muslim Unity receded further from the horizon.
League’s Good Bye to Congress - With each defeat Gandhiji became even more keen on his method of achieving Hindu-Muslim Unity. Like the gambler who had lost heavily he became more desperate increasing his stakes each time and indulged in the most irrational concessions if only they could placate Mr. Jinnah and enlist his support under the Mahatma’s leadership in the fight for freedom. But the aloofness of the Muslim from the Congress increased with the advance of years and the Muslim League refused to have anything to do with the Congress after 1928. The resolution of Independence passed by the Congress at its Lahore Session in 1929 found the Muslims conspicuous by their absence and strongly aloof from the Congress organization. The hope of Hindu Muslim Unity was hardly entertained by anybody thereafter; but Gandhiji continued to be resolutely optimistic and surrendered more and more to Muslim communalism.
Round –Table Conference and Communal Award – The British authorities both in India and in England, had realized that the demand for a bigger and truer installment of constitutional reforms was most insistent and clamant in India and that in spite of their unscrupulous policy of ‘Divide and Rule’ and the communal discord which it had generated, the resulting situation had brought them no permanence and security so far as British Rule in India was concerned.
The Congress however soon regretted its boycott of the First Round Table Conference and at the Karachi Congress of 1931 it was decided to send Gandhiji alone as the Congress Representative to Second Session of Round Table Conference. Anybody who reads the proceedings of that Session will realize that Gandhiji was the biggest factor in bringing about the total failure of the Conference. Not one of the decisions of the Round Table Conference was in support of democracy or nationalism and the Mahatma went to the length of inviting Mr. Ramsay McDonald to give what was called the communal Award, there by strengthening the disintegrating forces of communalism which had already corroded the body politic for 24 years past The Mahatma was thus responsible for a direct and substantial intrusion of communal electorate and communal franchise in the future Parliament of India.
No wonder under the garb of minority protection we got in the Government of India Act of 1935 a permanent statutory recognition of communal franchise, communal electorate and even weightage for the minorities especially the Muslim, both in the provinces and in the Centre. Those elected on the communal franchise would be naturally communal minded and would have no interest in bridging the gulf between communalism and nationalism.
Acceptance of Office and Resigning in Huff – Provincial Autonomy was introduced from the 1st of April, 1937 under the Government of India Act 1935. The act was bristling with safeguards, special powers, and protection to British personnel in the various services intact. The Congress therefore would not accept office at first but soon found out that in every Province a Ministry was constituted and that at least in five Provinces they were functioning in the normal manner.
In the other six Provinces the Ministers were in a minority but they were forging ahead with their nation building program and the Congress felt that it would be left out in the cold if it persisted in its policy of barren negation. It therefore decided to accept office in July, 1937; in doing so it committed a serious blunder in excluding the members of the Muslim League from effective participation in the Cabinet They only admitted into the Cabinet such Muslims as were congress-men.
Rejection of Muslim League Members as Ministers gave Mr. Jinnah a tactical advantage, which he utilized to the full and in 1939 when the Congress resigned Office in a huff; it completely played in the hand of the Muslim League and British Imperialism. Under Section 93 of the Government of India Act 1935 the Governments of the Congress Provinces were taken over by the Governors and the Muslim League Ministries remained in power and authority in the remaining Provinces. The Governors carried on the administration with a definite leaning towards the Muslims as an imperial policy of Britain and communalism reigned throughout the country through the Muslim Ministries on one hand and pro-Muslim Governors on the other.
The Hindu-Muslim Unity of Gandhiji became a dream, if it were ever anything else; but Gandhiji never cared. His ambition was to become the leader of Hindu and Muslims alike and in resigning the ministries the congress again sacrificed democracy and nationalism.
League taking Advantage of War – The congress opposed the war in one way or another. Mr. Jinnah and the League had a very clear policy. They remained neutral and created no trouble for the Government; but in the year following, the Lahore Session of the Muslim League passed a resolution for the partition of India as a condition for their co-operation in the war. Lord Linlithgow within a few months of the Lahore Resolution gave full support to the Muslims in their policy of separation by a declaration of Government Policy, which assured the Muslims that no change in the political constitution of India will be made without the consent of all the elements in India’s national life. The Muslim League and Mr. Jinnah were thus vested with a veto over the political progress of this country by the pledge given by the Viceroy of India.
Quit-India’ by Congress and Divide and Quit by League  – Out of sheer desperation Gandhiji evolved the ‘Quit India’ policy which was endorsed by the Congress. It was supposed to be the greatest national rebellion against foreign rule. Gandhiji had ordered the people to ‘do or die’ But except that the leaders were quickly arrested and detained behind the prison bars some furtive acts of violence were practiced by Congressmen for some weeks. But in less than three months the whole movement was throttled by Government with firmness and discretion. The movement soon collapsed.
Hindi Versus Hindustani – Absurdly pro Muslim policy of Gandhiji is nowhere more blatantly illustrated than in his perverse attitude on the question of the National Language of India. By all the tests of a scientific language, Hindi has the most prior claim to be accepted as the National Language of this country.
In the beginning of his career in India, Gandhiji gave a great impetus to Hindi but as he found that the Muslim did not like it, he became a turncoat and blossomed forth as the champion of what is called Hindustani. Every body in India knows that there is no language called Hindustani; it has no grammar; it has no vocabulary; it is a mere dialect; it is spoken but not written. It is a bastard tongue and a crossbreed between Hindi and Urdu and not even the Mahatma’s sophistry could make it popular; but in his desire to please the Muslims he insisted that Hindustani alone should be the national language of India. His blind supporters of course blindly supported him and the so-called hybrid tongue began to be used. Words like ‘Badshah Ram’ and ‘Begum Sita’ were spoken and written but the Mahatma never dared to speak at Mr. Jinnah as Sita Jinnah and Maulana Azad Pandit Azad. All his experiments were at the expense of the Hindus.
The bulk of the Hindus however proved to be stronger and more loyal to their culture and to their mother tongue and refused to bow down to the Mahatmic fiat. The result was that Gandhiji did not prevail in the Hindi Parishad and had to resign from that body; his pernicious influence however remains and the Congress Governments in India still hesitate whether to select Hindi or Hindustani as the National Language of India.
To read about the History of Urdu go to history section of the site. PROVIDE LINK
Vande Mataram not to be sung - It is notorious that some Muslim disliked the celebrated song of ‘Vande Mataram’ and the Mahatma forthwith stopped its singing or recital wherever he could. This song has been honored for a century as the most inspiring exhortation to the Bengalees to stand up like one man for their nation. In the anti-partition agitation of 1905 in Bengal the song came to a special prominence and popularity. The Bengalees swore by it and dedicated themselves to the Motherland at countless meetings where this song was sung. The British Administrator did not understand the true meaning of the song ‘which simply meant ‘Hail Motherland’ Government therefore banned its singing forty years ago for some time, that only led to its increased popularity all over the country It continued to be sung at all Congress and other national gatherings but as soon as one Muslim objected to it Gandhiji utterly disregarded the national sentiment behind it and persuaded the Congress also not to insist upon the singing as the national song.
Quote from book The Tragic Story of Partition “It was at the Kakinada session of the Congress in 1923, that its President Mohammed Ali objected to the singing of the song on the premise that music was taboo in Islam. The singer V P Paluskar said – You have no authority from singing the Vande Mataram. Moreover, if singing in this place is against your religion, how is it that you tolerate music in your presidential procession? In 1922 it had adopted Iqbal’s Sare jahanse see accha Hindustan hamara as the associate national anthem to satisfy the Muslims. In 1937 the League condemned the Congress for foisting Vande Mataram as the national song. Accordingly the Congress decided to cut those portions of the song that were likely to offend Muslim susceptibilities”.
Shiva Bavani Banned - Gandhiji banned the public recital or perusal of Shiva Bavani a beautiful collection of 52 verses by a Hindu poet in which he had extolled the great power of Shivaji and the protection which he brought to the Hindu community and the Hindu religion. The refrain of that collection says if there were no Shivaji, the entire country would have been converted to Islam.
Quote from the book The Tragic Story of Partition “ Bhajans were also not spared. The soul elevating chanting of ‘Raghupati Raja Rama patita pavana Sita Rama was intoned on the lips of millions of our countrymen for the last several centuries. A new line ‘Ishwar Allah tere nam, sab so sanmati de Bhagavan’ was added to the original”.
Suhrawardy Patronized - When the Muslim League refused to join the provisional Government, which Lord Wavell invited Pandit Nehru to form; the League started a Council of Direct Action against any Government farmed by Pandit Nehru, On the 15th of August 1946. A little more than two weeks before Pandit Nehru was to take office, there broke out in Calcutta an open massacre of the Hindus which continued for three days unchecked
Gandhiji however went to Calcutta and contracted a strange friendship with the author of these massacres; in fact he intervened on behalf of Suhrawardy and the Muslim League. During the three days that the massacre of Hindus took place, the police in Calcutta did not interfere for the protection of life or property, innumerable outrages were practiced under the very eyes and nose of the guardians of law, but nothing mattered to Gandhiji. To him Suhrawardy was an object of admiration from which he could not be diverted and publicly described Suhrawardy as a Martyr. No wonder two months later there was the most virulent outbreak of Muslim fanaticism in Noakhali and Tipperah 30,000 Hindu women were forcibly converted according to a report of Arya Samaj, the total number of Hindus killed or wounded was three lacs not to say the crores of rupees worth of property looted and destroyed Gandhiji then undertook, ostensibly alone, a tour of Noakhali District
Attitude towards Hindu and Muslim Princes  – Gandhiji’s followers successfully humiliated the Jaipur, Bhavnagar and Rajkot States. They enthusiastically supported even a rebellion in Kashmir State against the Hindu Prince. This attitude strangely enough contrasts with what Gandhiji did about the affairs in Muslim States. There was a Muslim League intrigue in Gwalior States as a result of which the Maharaja was compelled to abandon the celebrations of the second millennium of the Vikram Calendar four years ago: the Muslim agitation was based on pure communalism The Maharaja is the liberal and impartial Ruler with a far sighted outlook. In a recent casual Hindu Muslim clash in Gwalior because the Musalmans suffered some casualties Gandhiji came down upon the Maharaja with a vitriolic attack wholly undeserved.
Gandhiji On Fast to Capacity – In 1943 while Gandhiji was on fast to capacity and nobody was allowed to interview him on political affairs, only the nearest and the dearest had the permission to go and enquire of his health.
Mr. C. Rajagopalachari smuggled himself into Gandhiji’s room and hatched a plot of conceding Pakistan which Gandhiji allowed him to negotiate with Jinnah. Gandhiji later on discussed this matter for three weeks with Mr. Jinnah in the later part of 1944 and offered Mr. Jinnah virtually what is now called Pakistan. Gandhiji went every day to Mr. Jinnah’s house, flattered him. Praised him, embraced him, but Mr Jinnah could not be cajoled out of his demand for the Pakistan pound of flesh. Hindu Muslim Unity was making progress in the negative direction,
In 1945 came the notorious Desai – Liaquat Agreement -  It put one more, almost the last, nail on the coffin of the Congress as a National democratic body. Under that agreement, the late Mr. Bhulabhai Desai the then leader of the Congress party in the Central Legislative Assembly at Delhi entered into an agreement with Mr. Liaquat Ali Khan, the League Leader in the Assembly, jointly to demand a Conference from the British Government for the solution of the stalemate in Indian politics which was growing since the beginning of the War. Mr. Desai was understood to have taken that step without consulting anybody of any importance in the Congress circle, as almost all the Congress leaders had been detained since the. Quit India’ Resolution in 1942. Mr. Desai offered equal representation to the Muslims with Congress at the said Conference and this was the basis on which the Viceroy was approached to convene the Conference. The then Viceroy Lord Wavell flew to London on receipt of this joint request and brought back the consent of the Labor Government for the holding of the Conference.
The Viceroy also laid down other conditions for the holding of the Conference. The important ones were:
(1) An unqualified undertaking on the part of the Congress and all political parties to support the war against Japan until victory was won.
(2) A coalition Government would be formed in which the Congress and the Muslims would each have five representatives. There will besides be a representative of the depressed classes, of the Sikhs and other Minorities.
Cabinet Mission Plan - Early in the year 1946 the so-called Cabinet Mission arrived in India. It consisted of the then Secretary of State for India now Lord Lawrence, Mr. Alexander, the minister for War and Sir Stafford Cripps. Its arrival was heralded by a speech in Parliament by Mr. Atlee, the prime Minister. Mr. Atlee announced in most eloquent terms the determination of the British Government to transfer power to India if only the latter agreed upon common plan.
In paragrah 15 of the proposals the mission introduced six conditions under which the British Government would be prepared to convene a Constituent Assembly invested with the right of framing a Constitution of Free India. Each of these six proposals was calculated to prevent the unity of India being maintained or full freedom being attained even if the Constituent Assembly was an elected body.
The Congress party was so utterly exhausted by the failure of ‘Quit India’ that after some smoke screen about its unflinching nationalism it virtually submitted to Pakistan by accepting the mission’s proposals, which made certain the dismemberment of India although in a roundabout manner. The Congress accepted the scheme but did not agree to form a Government. The long and short of it was that the Congress was called upon to form a Government and accept the whole scheme unconditionally. Mr. Jinnah denounced the British Government for treachery and started a direct action council of the Muslim League. The Bengal, the Punjab, the Bihar, the Bombay, and other places in various parts of India became scenes of bloodshed, arson, loot and rape on a scale unprecedented in history. The overwhelming members of victims were Hindus.
Ambiguous Statement about Pakistan – In one of his articles, Gandhiji while nominally ostensibly opposed to Pakistan, openly declared that if the Muslims wanted Pakistan at any cost, there was nothing to prevent them from achieving it. Only the Mahatma could understand what that declaration meant. Was it a prophecy or a declaration or disapproval of the demand for Pakistan?
Advice to Kashmir Maharaja  –  About Kashmir, Gandhiji again and again declared that Sheikh Abdullah should be entrusted the charge of the state and that the Maharaja of Kashmir should retire to Benares for no particular reason than that the Muslims formed the bulk of the Kashmir population. This also stands out in contrast with his attitude on Hyderbad where although the bulk of the population is Hindu, Gandhiji never called upon the Nizam to retire to Mecca.
Mountbatten vivisects India - Lord Wavell had to resign, as he could not bring about a settlement. He had some conscience, which prevented him from supporting the partition of India. He had openly declared it to be unnecessary and undesirable. But his retirement was followed by the appointment of Mountbatten. King Log was followed by King Stork This Supreme Commander of the South East Asia was a purely Military man and he had a great reputation for daring, and tenacity. He came to India with a determination to do or die and he ‘‘did’’ namely he vivisected India. He was more indifferent to human slaughter. Rivers of blood flowed under his very eyes and nose. He apparently was thinking that by the slaughter of Hindus so many opponents of his mission were killed. The greater the slaughter of the enemies greater the victory, and he pursued his aim relentlessly to its logical conclusion. Long before June 1948 the official date for handing over power, the wholesale murders of the Hindus had their full effect. The Congress, which had boasted of its nationalism and democracy, secretly accepted Pakistan literally at the point of the bayonet and abjectly surrendered to Mr. Jinnah. India was vivisected. One third of the Indian territory became foreign land to us from the 15th of august 1947.
Hindu Muslim Unity bubble was finally burst and a theocratic and communal State dissociated from everything that smacked of United India was established with the consent of Nehru and his crowd and they have called it ‘Freedom won by them at sacrifice’ Whose sacrifice?
Gandhiji on Cow-slaughter - ‘Today Rajendra Babu informed me that he had received some fifty thousand postcards, 20-30 thousand telegrams urging prohibition of cow slaughter by law. In this connection I have spoken to you before also. After all why are so many letters and telegrams sent to me. They have not served any purpose. No law prohibiting cow slaughter in India can be enacted. How can I impose my will upon a person who does not wish voluntarily to abandon cow-slaughter? India does not belong exclusively to the Hindus. Muslims, Parsees, Christians also live here. The claim of the Hindus that India has become the land of the Hindus is totally incorrect. This land belongs to all who live here. I know an orthodox Vaishnava Hindu. He used to give beef soup to his child.
Quote from the book The Tragic Story of Partition “ In the Muslim All Parties Congress held in January 1929, Aga Khan pointed out that in the home of islam-Arabia there was no custom of cow sacrifice. It was also pointed out that in other Muslim countries no one took religious objection to the playing of music before mosques. Said Dr Ambedkar: Islamic Law does not insist upon the slaughter of the cow for sacrificial purposes and no Muslim, when he goes to Haj, sacrifices the cow in Mecca or Medina. In a letter to Jinnah 6-4-1938 Nehru assured him that the Congress does not wish to undertake any legislative action in this matter to restrict the established rights of the Muslims”.
Removal of Tri-Color Flag - The tricolour flag with Charkha on it was adopted by the Congress as the National Flag out of deference to Gandhiji. There were flag salutations on innumerable occasions. The flag was unfurled at every Congress meeting. It fluttered in hundreds at every session of National Congress, The Prabhat Pheries were never complete unless the flag was carried while the march was on. On the occasion of every imaginary or real success of the Congress Party, public buildings, shops and private residences were decorated with that flag. If any Hindu attached any importance to Shivaji’s Hindu flag, “Bhagva Zenda” the flag which freed India from the Muslim – domination it was considered communal. Gandhiji’s tri-colored flag never protected any Hindu woman from outrage or a Hindu temple from desecration, yet the late Bhai Parmanand was once mobbed by enthusiastic Congressmen for not paying homage to that flag.
When the Mahatma was touring Noakhali and Tipperah in 1946 after the beastly outrages on the Hindus, the flag was flying on his temporary hut. But when a Muslim came there and objected to the presence of the flag on his head, Gandhiji quickly directed its removal. All the reverential sentiments of millions of Congressmen towards that flag were affronted in a minute, because that would please an isolated muslim fanatic yet the so-called Hindu-Muslim unity never took shape.
Quote from the book The Tragic Story of Partition “The Flag Committee in 1931 consisted of Patel, Nehru, Maulana Azad, Master Tara Singh, D B Kalelkar,  N S Hardikar and Pattabhi Sitaramayya recommended that the National Flag should be of kesari or saffron color having on it at the left top quarter the Charkha in blue. However, the A.I.C.C. dare not differ from Gandhi’s choice of the tricolor scheme, simply okayed his decision.
Gandhiji and Independence                                                                                                         Chapter 2.4
71. Some good number of people are laboring under the delusion that the freedom movement in India started with the advent of Gandhiji in 1914-15. There has always been alive in India a freedom movement that was never suppressed. When the Maratha Empire was finally subdued in 1818 as the British thought the forces of freedom were lying low in some part but elsewhere the supremacy of the British was being challenged through the rise of Sikh power. And when by 1848 the Sikhs were defeated the rebellion of 1857 was being actively organized. By the time the British had established full control the Congress was established in 1885 to challenge British domination. This developed into armed resistance which openly asserted itself through the bomb of Khudi Ram Bose in 1906.
72. Gandhiji arrived in India in 1914-15. After his arrival, initial fads of Ahimsa the movement began to suffer eclipse. Thanks however to Subhash Bose and the revolutionaries in Maharashtra, Punjab and Bengal the movement continued to flourish parallel to Gandhiji’s rise to leadership after the death of Tilak.
75. I have already mentioned the revolutionary party, which existed independent of the Congress. Amongst its sympathizers were many active Congressmen. This latter section was never reconciled to the yoke of Britain. During the First World War between 1914-19 the Congress began to turn left and the terrorist movement outside was running parallel to the leftist party within. The Gadar Party was operating simultaneously in Europe and America in an effort to overthrow British Rule in India with the help of the Axis Powers. The ‘Comagata Maru’ incident is well known, and it is by no means clear that the “Emden” incident on the Madras beach was not due to the knowledge of the German Commander that India was seething with discontent. But from 1920 upwards Gandhiji discouraged, put his foot down on the use of force although he himself had carried on an active campaign for recruitment for soldiers of Britain only a few years earlier.
The Rowlatt Repert described at length the strength of the revolutionaries in India, From 1906 till 1918 one Britisher after another and his Indian stooges were shot dead by the revolutionary nationalists and the British authorities were trembling about their very existence. It was then that Mr. Montague came to his country as Secretary of State for India and promised the introduction of responsibility; even he was only partially successful to stern the tide of revolutionary fervor.
The Government of India Act 1919 was over-shadowed by the Jallianwalla Bagh Tragedy in which hundreds of Indians were shot dead by General Dyer at a public meeting for the crime of holding a protest against the Rowlatt Act. Sir Michael O’Dwyer became notorious for callous and unscrupulous reprisals against those who had denounced the Rowlatt Act. Twenty years later he had to pay for it, when Udham Singh shot him dead in London Chafekar brothers of Maharashtra, Pt. Shamji Krishna Verma the back bone of the Revolutionaries, Lala Hardayal, Virendranath Chatopadhyaya, Rash Behari Bose, Babu Arvind Ghosh Khudiram Bose, Ulhaskar Datta, Madanlal Dhingra, Kanhere, Bhagatsingh, Rajguru, Sukhdeo, Chandrashekhar Azad were the living protest by Indian
youth against the alien yoke. They had unfurled and held aloft the flag of Independence, some of them long before Gandhiji’s name was heard of an even when he was the accepted leader of the constitutional movement of the Indian National Congress.
77. And the more the Mahatma condemned the use of force in the country’s battle for freedom the more popular it became. This fact was amply demonstrated at the Karachi Session of the Congress in March 1931; in the teeth of Gandhiji’s opposition a resolution was passed in the open Session admiring the courage and the spirit of sacrifice of Bhagat Singh when he threw the bomb in the Legislative Assembly in 1929. Gandhiji never forgot this defeat and when a few months later Mr. Hotson, the Acting Governor of Bombay was shot at by Gogate, Gandhiji returned to the charge at an All-India Congress Committee meeting and asserted that the admiration expressed by the Karachi Congress for Bhagat Singh was at the bottom of Gogate’s action in shooting at Hotson. This astounding statement was challenged by Subash Chandra Bose. He immediately came into disfavor with Gandhiji. To sum up, the share of revolutionary youth in the fight for Indian Freedom, is by no means negligible and those who talk of India’s freedom having been secured by Gandhiji are not only ungrateful but trying to write false history
78. An outrageous example of his dislike of people with whom he did not agree is furnished by the case of Subash Chandra Bose. So far as I am aware no protest was ever made by Gandhiji against the deportation of Subash for six years and Bose’s election to the Presidential Chair of the Congress was rendered possible only after he had personally disavowed any sympathy for violence. In actual practice however Subash never toed the line that Gandhiji wanted during his term of office. And yet Subash was so popular in the country that against the declared wishes of Gandhiji in favor of Dr. Pattabhai he was elected president of the Congress for a second time with a substantial majority even from the Andhra Desha, the province of Dr. Pattabhi himself. This upset Gandhiji beyond endurance and the expressed his anger in the Mahatmic manner full of concentrated venom by stating that the success of Subash was his defeat and not that of Dr. Pattabhi. Even after this declaration, his anger against Subash Bose was not gratified. Out of sheer cussedness he absented him-self from the Tripuri Congress Session, staged a rival show at Rajkot by a wholly mischievous fast and not until Subhas was overthrown from the Congress Gadi that the venom of Gandhiji became completely gutted.
80. In the Quit India Movement launched by the Congress, on 8/8/1942 the statement of Gandhi exhorting people to do or die was interpreted by that section as giving them full scope for all kinds of sabotage and obstruction. In fact they did everything to paralyze the war effort of the Government to the fullest extent. In North Bihar and other places, nearly 900 railway stations were wither burnt or destroyed.
81. These activities were directly opposed to the Congress creed of non-violence and to the Satyagrah technique.
Meanwhile Subhash escaped from the country in January 1941. He went to Germany and then to Japan who agreed to assist him against the British in the invasion of the country.
83. Subhash Chandra Bose was thereby enabled to start a provisional Indian Republican Government on Indian territory. By 1944 he was equipped to start on an invasion of India with the help of the Japanese. Pandit Nehru had declared that if Subhash Chandra Bose came into India with the support of the Japanese he would fight Subhash. Early in 1944, Japanese and the Indian National Army organized by Subash were thundering at the gates of India and they had already entered Manipur State and some part of the Assam Frontier. The I. N. A. consisted of volunteers from the Indian population of the Far East and of those Indians who had deserted to the I. N. A. from the Japanese prisons. That the campaign eventually failed was no fault of Subhash; his men fought like the Trojans. But his difficulties were far too great and his army was not sufficiently equipped with modern armaments. The I. N. A. had no aeroplanes and their supply-line was weak. Many died of starvation and illness, as there was no adequate medical treatment available to them. But the spirit which Subhash engendered in them was wonderful
84. But Gandhiji was again more lucky. Lokmanya Tilak died in 1920 and Gandhiji became the unchallenged leader. Success of Subhash Chandra would have a crushing defeat for Gandhiji, but luck was again on his side and Subhash Chandra died outside India. It then became easy for the Congress party to profess love and admiration for Subhash Chandra Bose and the I. N. A. and even to defend some of its officers and men in the Great State Trial in 1946. They even adopted ‘Jai Hind’ as the slogan which Subhash had introduced in the East. They traded on the name of Subhash and the I. N. A. and the two issues, which led them to victory during the election in 1945-46, were their hypocritical homage to Subhash’s memory. More over the Congress party had promised they were opposed to Pakistan and would resist it all costs.
85. All this time the Muslim League was carrying on treasonable activities, disturbing the peace and tranquility of India carrying on a murderous campaign against the Hindus. The Congress would not venture to condemn or to stop these wholesale massacres in pursuit of its policy of appeasement at all costs. Gandhiji suppressed everything which did not fit in with his pattern of public activities. I am therefore surprised when claims are made over and again the winning of the freedom was due to Gandhiji. My own view is that constant pandering of the Muslim League was not the way to winning freedom. It only created a Frankenstein, which ultimately devoured its own creator-swallowing one third of hostile, unfriendly and aggressive Indian territory, and permanently stationing a neighbor on what was once Indian territory. About the winning of Swaraj and freedom, I maintain the Mahatma’s contribution was negligible. But I am prepared to give him a place as a sincere patriot. His teachings however have produced opposite result and his leadership has stultified the nation. In my opinion S. C. Bose is the supreme hero and martyr of modern India. He kept alive and fostered the revolutionary mentality of the masses, advocating all honorable means, Including the use of force when necessary for the liberation of India. Gandhiji and his crowed of self seekers tried to destroy him. It is thus entirely incorrect to represent the Mahatma as the architect of Indian Independence.
86. The real cause of the British leaving India was three fold and it does not include the Gandhian method. One – the movements of the Indian Revolutionaries from 1857 to 1932 i.e. up to the death of Chandra Shekhar Azad at Allahabad, then next, the movement of revolutionary character not that of Gandhian type in the countrywide rebellion of 1942, and an armed revolt put by Subhash Bose the result of which was a spread of the revolutionary mentality in the armed forces of India are the real factors that shattered the very foundation of the British rule in India. And all these effective efforts to freedom were opposed by Gandhi.
Two – a good deal of credit must be given to those, who imbibed with a spirit of patriotisms, fought with the Britishers strictly on constitutional lines on the Assembly floors and made a notable progress in Indian politics. Names are Tilak, N C Kelkar, C R Das, Vithalbhai Patel, Pandit Malaviya, Bhai Parmanand and during the last ten years by prominent Hindu Mahasabha leaders. But these people were also ridiculed by Gandhiji himself and his followers by calling them as job hunters or power seekers.
Three – is the advent of the Labor Government and an overthrow of Mr Churchill, superimposed by frightful economic conditions and financial bankruptcy to which the war had reduced Britain.
Frustration of an Ideal                                                                                                               Chapter 2.5
88.  Really speaking the idea of Hindu-Muslim Unity which Gandhiji had put forward when he entered Indian Politics, came to an end from the moment Pakistan was established, because the Muslim league was opposed to regard India as one whole nation; and over again they had stated with great obstinacy, that they were not Indians. The Hindu-Muslim Unity which Gandhiji himself had put forward many a time was not of this type. What he wanted was that they both should take part in the struggle for independence as comrades. That was his idea of Hindu-Muslim Unity. The Hindus followed Gandhiji’s advice but Muslims on every occasion, disregarded it and indulged in such behavior as would be insulting to the Hindus, and at last it has culminated in the vivisection and division of the country.
90.  Gandhiji had seen Mr. Jinnah many a time and called upon him. Every time he had to plead to him as “Brother Jinnah.” He even offered to him the Premiership of the whole of India; but there was not a single occasion on which Mr. Jinnah had shown any inclination even to co-operate.
93.  Constantly for nearly one year after the horrible Noakhali massacre, our nation was as if, bathing in the pool of blood. The Muslims indulged in horrible and dreadful massacre of humanity followed by reactions from Hindus in some parts. The attacks of Hindus on Muslims in the East Punjab, Bihar, or Delhi, were simply acts of reaction. It is not that Gandhiji did not know that the basic cause of these reactions was the outrages on Hindus by the Muslims in the Muslim majority Provinces.
But still Gandhiji went on condemning strongly such actions of Hindus only, and the Congress Government went to the extent of threatening to even bombard the Hindu in Bihar to check their discontent and reactions against Muslims which was mainly due to the Muslim outbursts and atrocities in Noakhali and elsewhere. Gandhiji had often advocated during the course of his prayers that the Hindus in India should treat the Muslims with respect and generosity even though the Hindus and Sikhs in Pakistan may be completely massacred, and though Mr. Suhrawardy may be the leader of the Goondas, he should be allowed to move about freely and safely in Delhi. This will be evident from extracts given below from Gandhiji’s prayer speeches:
(a)“We should with a cool mind reflect when we are being swept away. Hindus should never be angry against the Muslims even if the latter might make up their minds to undo eve their existence. If they put all of us to the sword, we should court death bravely, may they, even rule the world, we shall inhabit the world. At least we should never fear death. We are destined to be born and die; then why need we feel gloomy over it? If all of us die with a smile on our lips, we shall enter a new life. We shall originate a new Hindustan.” (6th April 1947).
94.  Gandhiji need have taken into consideration that the desire for reprisals springing up in the Hindu mind was simply a natural. Thousands of Hindus in the Muslim Provinces were being massacred simply because of the fault of their being Hindus, and our Government was quite unable to render these unfortunate people any help or protection. Could it be in any way unnatural if the waves of sorrow and grief of the Hindus in those Provinces should redound on the mind and hearts of the Hindus in other Provinces?
97.  He first gave out the principle that no help should be given by India to the war between England and Germany. ““War meant Violence and How could I help’ was his saying. But the wealthy companions and followers of Gandhiji enormously added to their wealth by undertaking contracts from the Government for the supply of materials for war. It is needless for me to mention names but all know the wealthy personalities like Birla, Dalmia, Walchand Hirachand, Nanjibhai Kalidas, etc. Gandhiji and his Congress colleagues have been much helped by everyone of them. But Gandhiji never refused to accept the moneys offered by these wealthy people although it was got from this blood-filled war. Nor did he prevent these wealthy people from carrying out their contracts with the Government for the supply of the materials for war. Not only that but Gandhiji had given his consent to taking up the contract for supplying blankets to the army from the Congress Khadi Bhandar. ‘Honestly this is a irrational argument’.
98.  Gandhiji’s release from jail in 1944 was followed by the release of other leaders also, but the Government had to be assured by the Congress leaders of their help in the war against Japan. Gandhiji not only did not oppose this but actually supported the Government proposal.
103.  Had Gandhiji been a firm believer in the doctrine of non-violence; he should have made a suggestion for sending Satyagrahis instead of the armed troops and tried the experiment. Orders should have been issued to send ‘Takalis’ in place of rifles and ‘Spinning wheels’ (i.e. Charkhas) instead of the guns. It was a golden opportunity for Gandhiji to show the power of his Satyagraha by following his precept as an experiment at the beginning of our freedom.
104.  But Gandhiji did nothing of the sort. He had begun a new war by his own will, at the very beginning of the existence of Free India. What does this inconsistency mean? Why did Gandhiji himself so violently trample down the doctrines of non-violence, he had championed? To my mind, the reason for his doing so is quite obvious; and it is that this war is being fought for Sheikh Abdullah. The administrative power of Kashmir was going in the hands of Muslims and for this reason and this reason alone did Gandhiji consent to the destruction of the raiders by Armed Forces. Gandhiji was reading the dreadful news of Kashmir war, while at the same time fasting to death only because a few Muslims could not live safely in Delhi. But he was not bold enough to go on fast in front of the raiders of Kashmir, nor had he the courage to practice Satyagraha against them. All his fats were to coerce Hindus.
105.  I thought it rather a very unfortunate thing that in the present 20th Century such a hypocrite should have been regarded as the leader of the All-India politics. The mind of this Mahatma was not affected by the attacks on the Hindus in Hyderabad State; and this Mahatma never asked the Nizam of Hyderabad to abandon his throne. If the Indian politics proceeded in this way under the guiding dominance of Gandhiji, even the preservation of freedom obtained today even though in partitioned India would be impossible. These thoughts arose in my mind again and again and it was full with them. As the above incidents were taking place, Gandhiji’s fast for the Hindu-Muslim Unity was announced on 13th January 1948, and then I lost nearly my control on my feelings.
111.  But the Congress under the leadership of Gandhiji commenced its surrender to the Muslims; right from the time the 14 demands of Mr. Jinnah were made till the establishment of the Pakistan. Is it not a deplorable sight for people to see the Congress celebrate the occasion of the establishment of a Dominion Government in the rest of country shattered and vivisected by the Pakistan in the East and West and with the pricking thorn of Hyderbad it its midst. On seeing this downfall of the Congress under the dominance of Gandhiji, I am reminded of the well-known verse of Raja Bhartrihari to the effect:
(The Ganges has fallen from the Heavens on the head of Shiva, thence on the Himalayas, thence on the earth, and thence in the sea. In this manner, down and down she went and reached a very low stage. Truly it is said that indiscriminate persons deteriorate to the low position in a hundred ways).
Climax of Anti-National Appeasement                                                                                       Chapter 2.6
112.  The day on which I decided to remove Gandhiji from the political stage, it was clear to me that personally I shall be lost to everything that could be mine. I am not a moneyed person but I did have a place of honor and respect amongst those known as middle class society. I have been in the public life of my Province and the service that I have been able to render so far has given me a place of honor and respect amongst my people. Ideas of culture and civilization are not strange to me. I had in my view before me some schemes of constructive work to be taken in hand in my future life and I felt I had enough strength and enthusiasm to undertake them and carry them out successfully. I have maintained robust health and I do not suffer from any bodily defect and I am not addicted to any vice. Although I myself am not a much-learned man, I have a great regard and admiration for the learned.
114.  About the year 1932 late Dr. Hedgewar of Nagpur founded the Rashtriya Swayam Sevak Sangha in Maharashtra also. His oration greatly impressed me and I joined the Sangha as a volunteer thereof. I am one of those volunteers of Maharashtra who joined the Sangha in its initial stage. I also worked for a few years on the intellectual side in the Province of Maharashtra. Having worked for the uplift of the Hindus I felt it necessary to take part in the political activities of the country for the protection of the just rights of Hindus. I therefore left the Sangha and joined the Hindu Mahasabha.
115.  In the year 1938, I led first batch of volunteers who marched into the territory of the Hyderabad State when the passive resistance movement was started by the Hindu Mahasabha, with a demand for Responsible Government in the State. I was arrested and sentenced to one year’s imprisonment. I have a personal experience of the uncivilized, nay barbarous rule of Hyderabad, and have undergone the corporal punishment of dozens of cane slashes for the offence of singing the ‘Vande Mataram’ song at the time of prayer.
117.  Those, who personally know me, take me as a person of quiet temperament. But when the top-rank leaders of the Congress with the consent of Gandhiji divided and tore the country-which we consider as a deity of worship-my mind became full with the thoughts of direful anger.
I wish to make it clear that I am not an enemy of the Congress. I have always regarded that body as the premier institution, which has worked for the political uplift of the country. I had and have my differences with its leaders. This will be clearly seen from my letter addressed to Veer Savarkar on 28th February 1933 (Rx D/30), which is in my hand and signed by me and I admit its contents.
120.  It is stated in some quarters that people could not have got the independence unless Pakistan was conceded. But I took it to be an utterly incorrect and untrue view. To me it appears to be merely a poor excuse to justify the action taken by the leaders. The leaders of the Gandhian creed often claim to have conquered ‘Swarajya’ by their struggle.
If they had conquered Swarajya, then it would be clearly seen that it is most ridiculous to say that those Britishers who yielded, were in a position to lay down the condition of Pakistan before the grant of independence could be only one reason for Gandhiji and his followers to give their consent to the creation of Pakistan and it is that these people were accustomed to make a show of hesitation and resistance in the beginning and ultimately to surrender to the Muslim demands.
121. But even after the establishment of Pakistan if this Gandhian Government had taken any steps to protect the interests of Hindus in Pakistan it could have been possible for me to control my mind which was terribly shaken on account of this terrible deception of the people. But after handing over crores of Hindus to the mercy of the Muslims of Pakistan Gandhiji and his followers have been advising them not to leave Pakistan but continue to stay on. The Hindus thus were caught in the hands of Muslim authorities quite unawares and in such circumstances series of calamities followed one after the other. When I bring to my mind all these happenings my body simply feels a horror of burning fire, even now.
122.  Every day that dawned brought forth the news about thousands of Hindus being massacred. Sikhs numbering 15000 having been shot dead, hundreds of women torn of their clothes being made naked and taken into procession and that Hindu women were being sold in the market places like cattle. Thousands and thousands of Hindus had to run away for their lives and they had lost everything of theirs. A long line of refugees extending over the length of 40 miles was moving towards the Indian Union. How was this terrible happening counter acted by the Union Government? Oh! by throwing bread to the refugees from the air!
123.  These atrocities and the blood-bath would have to some extent been checked if the Indian Government had lodged strong protests against the treatment meted out to the Minorities in Pakistan or even if a cold threat had been held out to the Muslims in Indian of being treated in the same manner as a measure of retaliation. But the Government which was under the thumb of Gandhiji resorted to absolutely different ways. If the grievances of the minorities in Pakistan were voiced in the Press, it was dubbed as an attempt to spread disaffection amongst the communities and made an offence and the Congress Governments in several Provinces started demanding securities under the press Emergency Powers Act, one after the other. ‘ Is it not the same situation today, try and criticize a Muslim even when he deserves to be criticized and you would be called Communal as if a Muslim can do no wrongs!’
124.  When all these happenings were taking place in Pakistan, Gandhiji did not even by a single word protest and censure the Pakistan Government or the Muslims concerned. The Muslim atrocities resorted to in Pakistan to root out the Hindu culture and the Hindu society have been entirely due to the teachings of Gandhiji and his behavior. ‘Is it not the same case today. Hindus in Bangladesh were recently killed, raped, ill-treated but the Indian government did not raise a finger, blame it on Gandhian/Nehruvian influence buddy.’
127.  One of the seven conditions imposed by Gandhiji for the breaking of his fast unto death related to the mosques in Delhi occupied by the Refugees. This condition was to the effect that all the mosques in Delhi, which were occupied by the Refugees, should be vacated or got vacated and be made over to the Muslims. Gandhiji got this condition accepted by the Government and a number of leaders by sheer coercion brought to bear upon them by his fast. On that day I happened to be in Delhi and I have personally seen some of the events that have occurred in getting this condition carried out to its full. Those were the days of bitter or extreme cold and on the day Gandhiji broke his fast it was also raining. Owing to this unusual weather condition, the pricking atmosphere made even person in well-placed positions shiver. Families after families of refugees who had come to Delhi for shelter were driven out and while doing so no provision was made for their shelter and stay. One or two families taking with them their children, women-folk and what little belongings they had with them and saying, ‘Gandhiji, do give us a place for shelter’ even approached and came to Birla House. But was it ever possible for the cries of these poor Hindu people to reach Gandhiji living in the palatial Birla House!
While Gandhiji made a demand for the evacuation of the mosques by the refugees had he also imposed a condition to the effect that the temples in Pakistan should be handed over to the Hindus by the Muslims, or some other condition, that would have shown that Gandhiji’s teaching of non-violence, his anxiety for Hindu-Muslim Unity and his belief in soul force would have been taken or understood as being impartial, spiritual and non-communal. Gandhiji was shrewd enough to know that while undertaking a fast unto death, had he imposed for its break some condition on the Muslims in Pakistan, there would have been found any Muslim who could have shown some grief if the fast ended in the death of Gandhiji.
129.  Let us then take the case of 55 crores. Here read from the Indian Information dated 2nd February 1948 the following extracts:
1. Extracts from the speech of the honorable Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel at the press conference held on 12th January, 1948.
2. Extract from the speech of the honorable Sir Shanmukham Chetty.
3. India’s spontaneous gesture of good will, and
4. An extract from the Honorable the Prime Minister’s statement.
Gandhiji himself has said about these 55 crores that it is always very difficult to make Government to alter its decisions. But the Government have altered and changed their original decision of withholding the payment of Rs.55 crores of Pakistan and the reason for doing so was his fast unto death. ( Gandhiji’s sermon at Prayer Meeting held on or about the 21st of January 1948 ). The decision to withhold the payment of Rs.55 cores to Pakistan was taken up by our Government, which claims to be the people’s Government. But this decision of the people’s Government was reversed to suit the tune of Gandhiji’s fast. It was evident to my mind that the force of public opinion was nothing but a trifle when compared with the leanings of Gandhiji favorable to Pakistan.
Had Gandhiji really maintained his opposition to the creation of Pakistan, the Muslim League could have had no strength to claim it and the Britishers also could not have created it in spite of all their utmost efforts for its establishment. The reason for this is not far to seek. The people of this country were eager and vehement in their opposition to Pakistan. But Gandhiji played false with the people and give parts of the country to the Muslims for the creation of Pakistan. I stoutly maintain that Gandhiji in doing so has failed in his duty, which was incumbent up on him to carry out, as the Father of the Nation. He has proved to be the Father of Pakistan.
134.  The practice of non-violence according to Gandhiji is to endure or put up with the blows of the aggressor without showing any resistance either by weapon or by physical force. Gandhiji has, while describing his nonviolence given the example of a ‘tiger becoming a follower of the creed of non-violence after the cows allowed themselves to be killed and swallowed in such large numbers that the tiger ultimately god tired of killing them.’ It will be remembered that at Kanpur, Ganesh Shanker Vidyarthi fell a victim to the murderous assault by the Muslims of the place on him. Gandhiji has often cited this submission to the Muslims’ blows as an ideal example of embracing death for the creed of non-violence. I firmly believed and believe that the non-violence of the type described above will lead the nation to ruin and make it easy for Pakistan to enter the remaining India and occupy the same.
Briefly speaking, I thought to myself and foresaw that I shall be totally ruined and the only thing that I could expect from the people would be nothing but hatred and that I shall have lost all my honor even more valuable than my life, if I were for kill Gandhiji. But at the same time I felt that the Indian politics in the absence of Gandhiji would surely be practical, able to retaliate and would surely be practical, able to retaliate and would be powerful with armed forces. No doubt my own future would be totally ruined but the nation would be saved from the inroads of Pakistan. People may even call and dub me as devoid of any sense or foolish, but the nation would be free to follow the course founded on reason which I consider to be necessary for sound nation building. After having fully considered the question, I took the final decision in the matter but I did not speak about it to any one whatsoever. I took courage in my both hands and I did fire the shots at Gandhiji on 30th January 1948 on the prayer grounds in Birla House.
139.  I am prepared to concede that Gandhiji did undergo sufferings for the sake of the nation. He did bring about an awakening in the minds of the people. He also did nothing for personal gain; but it pains me to say that he was not honest enough to acknowledge the defeat and failure of the principle of non-violence on all sides. I have read the lives of other intelligent and powerful Indian patriots who have made sacrifices even greater than those done by Gandhiji. I have seen personally some of them. But whatever that may de, I shall bow in respect to the service done by Gandhiji to the country, and to Gandhiji himself for the said service and before I fired the shots I actually wished him and bowed to him in reverence. But I do maintain that even this servant of the country had no right to vivisect the country-the image of our worship-by deceiving the people. But he did it all the same. There was no legal machinery by which such an offender could be brought to book and it was therefore that I resorted to the firing of shots at Gandhiji as that was the only thing for me to do.
148.  I have now finished; but before I sit down must sincerely and respectfully express my gratitude to Your Honour for the patient hearing given, courtesy shown and facilities given to me. Similarly I express my gratitude to my legal advisers and counsel for their legal help in this great trial. I have no ill will towards the Police Officers concerned with this case I sincerely thank them for the kindness and the treatment given by them to me. Similarly, I also thank the Jail authorities for the good treatment given by them.
‘Friends we may have our own views on Godse but the above statement of Defence seems impressive. His arguments right or wrong are well articulated and arranged in sequence of time. By attaching the word Ji to Gandhi’s name all through and even praising Gandhi’s role in the freedom struggle it shows how much he respected him notwithstanding his anger on Gandhi’s Muslim appeasement / Ahimsa policy’.
Other Events      
When I conceptualized this piece I thought that chapter 3 would give you the sequence of events from 1920 to 1948 i.e. from the Khilafat Movement to his death. However, after reading Godse’s defence I think he has covered important aspects of the freedom struggle pretty comprehensively. This chapter gives you additional information on the above, presents events covering large spans of time and provides information to questions like why did Gandhi nominate Nehru as his successor.
Let us get back to a more fundamental question. Why did Godse kill Gandhi? Simply put – Inspite of admiring Gandhi qualities Godse felt that Gandhi had ignored Hindu sentiment continuously and appeased the Muslim one rather generously. Therefore by killing Gandhi, he believed that it would put an end to the appeasement policies of the Congress. How wrong was he?
The books referred to are The History and Culture of the Indian People published by the Bhartiya Vidya Bhavan, Sardar by Shri Rajmohan Gandhi, The Tragic Story of Partition by Shri Seshadari.
Before we go ahead would like to quote freedom fighter, Gandhi associate, founder of the Bhartiya Vidya Bhavan, writer, historian Shri K M Munshi. Said he “ Another problem that we have to consider is the persistent demand for the rewriting of history to foster communal unity. To my mind, nothing can be a greater mistake. History, in order to generate faith in it, must be written as the available records testify, without any effort to exaggerate or minimize the actual facts. The communal problem, which divided the country, was neither inevitable nor insoluble. It was a price that we had to pay for our inability to assess political realities’.
Khilafat Movement
In 1921, Muhammad Ali wrote a letter to the Amir of Afghanistan inviting him to invade India. The Brits got scent of this and arrested the Ali brothers. On his written assurance that he was no opponent of the Brits Ali was released. In 1921, when the Khilafat agitation was at its peak, Ali again sent a wire to the Amir urging him not to enter into any agreement with the Brits. When Ali was taken to task by the Congress leaders he showed Swami Shraddananada (renowned Arya Samaj leader) a hand written draft of the wire. The Swami writes “What was my astonishment when I saw the draft of the same self-same telegram in the peculiar handwriting of the Father of the non-violent non-cooperation movement”. Writing in the Young India in May 1921 Gandhi said, “I would, in a sense, certainly assist the Amir of Afghanistan if he waged war against the British govt. It is no part of the duty of a non-violent non-cooperator to assist the govt against war made upon it by others. I would rather see India perish at the hands of the Afghans than purchase freedom from Afghan invasion at the cost of her honor. To have India defended by an unrepentant govt that keeps the Khilafat and Punjab wounds still bleeding is to sell India’s honor”. Gandhi was criticized by Lala Lajpat Rai and B C Pal for his statements.
In early 1920 the Indian Muslims started an agitation to bring pressure on the Brits to change her policy towards Turkey. This is known as the Khilafat Movement, received enormous strength because of Gandhi’s support. Said he to the Muslims, “Arise, awake or forever be fallen. If the Hindus wish to cultivate eternal friendship of the Muslims, they must perish with them in the attempt to vindicate the honor of Islam”. He felt that the Muslim demand was justified and he was bound to secure the due fulfillment of the pledge the British PM had given to the Indian Muslim during the war.
Friends Gandhi the father of Ahimsa saw nothing wrong in assisting the Amir of Afghanistan in waging war against India.
You see the onus on befriending the Muslims lie on the Hindus. When Muslims ruled India the treatment meted out to Hindus is well known. Now Hindus are to forget the wrong doings of over a thousand years and woo the Muslim. Did Gandhi believe the Hindu heart to be so magnanimous or devoid of emotion? The onus was on Hindus then and that carries on to this day!
Moplah Rebellion
The Congress leaders at first disbelieved these stories but the tales of hundreds of refugees landing at Calicut, a wave of horror spread among the Hindus who were not blinded by the new-fanged ideas of Hindu-Muslim unity at any cost. Gandhi himself spoke of the “brave God-fearing Moplahs who were fighting for what they considered as religion, and in a manner, which they considered as religious”. Little wonder those Khilafat leaders passed resolutions congratulating the Moplahs on the brave fight they were conducting for the sake of religion.
When truth could not be suppressed any longer, and came out with all its naked hideousness, Gandhi tried to conciliate Hindu opinion by various explanations, denials and censure of the authorities which resulted in the following resolution passed by the Congress at Ahmedabad. “ The Congress expresses its firm conviction that the Moplah disturbance was not due to the Non-Cooperation or the Khilafat Movements, specially as preachers of these movements were denied access to the affected parts by the District authorities for six months before the disturbance, but is due to causes wholly unconnected with the two movements, and that the outbreak would not have occurred had the message of non-violence been allowed to reach them.
Nevertheless the Congress deplores the acts done by certain Moplahs by way of forcible conversions and destruction of life and property, and is of the opinion that prolongation of the disturbance in Malabar could have been prevented by the Govt of Madras accepting the proffered assistance of Maulana Yakub Hassan and allowing Gandhi to proceed to Malabar, and is further of opinion that the treatment of Moplah prisoners as evidenced by the asphyxiation incident was an act of inhumanity unheard of in modern times and unworthy of a Government that calls itself civilized”.
Friends look at Gandhi’s attitude towards the killings in Malabar, finding excuses for Muslim oppression.
Murder of Arya Samaj leader Swami Shraddhananda
Subsequent to the aggressive Shuddhi Movement by the Arya Samajis, the Muslims were highly agitated. The Samajis were infringing on their 1200 years monopoly so they decided to murder a great proponent of the Shuddhi movement Swami Shraddhananda in 1926. Pattabhi Sitaramayya writes “At the Gauhati Congress Session of 1926, Gandhi expounded what true religion was and explained the causes that led to the murder. Now you will perhaps recall why I have called Abdul Rashid (the murderer) my brother and I repeat it. I do not hold him guilty but Guilty are those who excited feelings of hatred against one another”.
This happened a few years after the phasad of Hindu Muslim camaraderie during the Khilafat movement. It agitated the Arya Samajis no end but those who thought unilateral concessions to Muslims was the only way to promote Hindu Muslim unity found fault with the aggressive activities of the Samaj. In protest, the International Aryan League convened an Indian Aryan Congress in November 1927. It was presided over by eminent leader Lala Hans Raj and attended by Lala Lajpat Rai and Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya.
Gandhi’s Life is all about turnarounds and Appeasement
Writing in the Harijan, of 15 June 1940, “Gandhi candidly admitted that the Congress, which professes to speak for all Indians, cannot strike a common agreement with those who do not. It is an illusion created by ourselves that we must come to an agreement with all the parties before we can make ourselves progress”. One would wonder, is it the same Gandhi who was unwilling to attend the second session of the Round Table Conference without a previous agreement with the Muslims and kept on saying that there was no progress without a Hindu-Muslim agreement? What a volte face for Gandhi? Why on earth did Gandhi start the Khilafat Movement other than for Hindu Muslim unity?
Writing in the Harijan dated 13/10/1940 said Gandhi “the strongest power in the land would hold sway over all India and this may be Hyderabad for aught I know. All the big and petty chiefs will ultimately succumb to the strongest power of the Nizam who will be the emperor of India. If you ask me in advance, I would face anarchy to foreign rule whether British or any other”. Quoted from Veer Savarkar by D Keer. Ask any Hindu to live in a Muslim ruled state!
In April 1942, a few days after the departure of Cripps, he said that ‘attainment of independence is an impossibility till we have resolved the Communal tangle. HE CLEARLY STATES THAT BRITAIN WILL RULE INDIA AS LONG AS THE HINDUS AND MUSLIMS ARE AT LOGGERHEADS. But swiftly he went to contradict himself when he said that THE COMMUNAL PROBLEM WOULD NOT BE SOLVED SO LONG AS THE BRITISH DID NOT LEAVE INDIA.  
Although he looked upon unity of India as a sheet anchor of his policy, he wrote In April 1942 “If the vast majority of Muslims regard themselves as a separate nation having nothing in common with the Hindus, no power on earth can compel them to think otherwise. And if they want to partition India on that basis, they must have it, unless Hindus want to fight against such a division”.
Quoted from Veer Savarkar by D Keer, said Gandhi sometime in 1942 “Vivisect me before you vivisect India. Needless to say, the Congress can never seek the assistance of the British forces to resist the vivisection. It is the Muslims who will impose their will by force, singly or with British assistance, on an unresisting India. If I can carry the Congress with me, I would not put the Muslims to the trouble of using force. I would be ruled by them for it would still be Indian Rule”.
Friends Gandhi has interestingly made three points. One, that Muslims want partition. Two, that they will use force to get what they want. Three, the way to prevent partition is to let Muslims rule India. Did his Muslim appeasement policy arise from this realization?
Far more surprising was his approval on 2/8/1942 of Azad’s statement that he had no objection to British handing over power to the Muslim League or to any other party, provided it was real independence, since, has he pointed out, no single party could function without the cooperation of other parties.
In 1943 Rajagopalchari had drawn up a plan for partitioning India as a basis for settlement with the Muslims and secured Gandhi’s approval when he visited him in jail during his fast of February 1943. In April 1944, Rajagopalchari carried on negotiations with Jinnah. Gandhi himself suggested to Jinnah that they should meet and talk over the matter. Gandhi’s letter was most pathetic in tone and shows the importance the Congress now attached to the League. Gandhi wrote to Jinnah on 17/7/1944 ‘I have always been a servant and friend to you and to mankind. Do not disappoint me. Jinnah turned down the proposal but agreed to meet Gandhi.
In 1944, Gandhi visited Jinnah’s house 19 times conceding Pakistan through the Rajaji formula but Jinnah did not find it large enough then yet today he was fighting against it. What is common however, is his appeasement of the League.
On Gandhi’s authorization, Bhulabhaidesai in January 1945, held talks with Liaqat Ali Khan to initial a pact that meant a national govt. would be formed with five members each from the Congress and League with two representing other groups. Within a month Liaqat denied any knowledge of the pact. Inspite of having a copy initialed by Liaqat, Desai preferred not to call the bluff. Jinnah disagreed because it did not bar the Congress from including a Muslim on the list! Would League ever include a Hindu in their list?
Friends you can see the extent to which Gandhi went to achieve Hindu Muslim unity even if it meant handing over India to the Muslim League. For those of us who have lived in Muslim ruled states, in India or in the Gulf this thought is scary.
Gandhi told Azad on 03/03/1947 “If the Congress wishes to accept partition, it will be over my dead body. So long as I am alive, I will never agree to the partition of India. Nor will I, if I can help it, allow the Congress to accept it”. CLEARLY HE WAS BLACKMAILING THAT THE COUNTRY BE HANDED OVER TO THE LEAGUE OR HE WOULD CHOOSE TO DIE!
Gandhi’s last bid to prevent partition – Returning from Bihar on March 31, 1947 Gandhi called on the Viceroy and suggested to Mountbatten that the Interim govt be dissolved and Jinnah be invited to form a Cabinet of his choice. As long as the Congress thought that Jinnah was pursuing India’s interest, Congress would cooperate with Jinnah and not use its majority in the Central Assembly to block his ministry. If he wishes Jinnah could continue to advocate Pakistan, provided he eschewed force? Azad agreed with Gandhi’s plan and thought it would be the quickest way to stop bloodshed. Nehru and Patel opposed the plan though it was never put to Jinnah. V.P. Menon was opposed to the scheme. Yet there was a moment on April 10, when Mountbatten thought that Gandhi’s proposal might fly. In the middle of a three hour meeting with Jinnah he said “we do not know how sincerely – that it was a day dream of mine to be able to put the Central Govt under the Prime Ministership of Mr Jinnah”. Jinnah was too surprised to react but some 35 minutes later Jinnah “suddenly made a reference out of the blue” to the Viceroy’s proposal. At the Working Committee (AICC) only Ghafar Khan sided with Gandhi on making Jinnah as the Prime Minister. Thus Gandhi admitted defeat.
When opposition to the acceptance of partition was running high in the meeting of the A.I.C.C. on 14/6/1947, GANDHI SPOKE FOR 40 MINUTES URGING FOR PARTITION.  He said if the A.I.C.C. threw out the recommendations of the Working Committee, they must find a new set of leaders who could not only Constitute the Working Committee but also the government. Gandhi concluded by saying that he steadfastly opposed partition but sometimes, certain tough decisions needed to be taken. THIS WAS A CLEAR BLACKMAIL BY GANDHI – EITHER YOU AGREE WITH ME OR FIND A NEW LEADER. He knew his clout over the AICC is very strong and no one will defy him.
Said Nehru on 29/4/1947 “The Muslim League can have partition if they wish to have it”. Please read this in conjunction with the above para what Nehru told Mosley in 1960 “But if Gandhi had told us not to, we would have gone on fighting, and waiting. But we accepted”. So you see in 1942 – 44 Gandhi agreed to Partition but in March 1947 he said it would be over his dead body and went to the extent of offering Jinnah the PM’s post. In June’47 he urged the Congress to accept partition. Honestly what had changed? By his appeasement Gandhi was goading Jinnah and his Muslim League to continue with their orgy of violence unless Pakistan was agreed to. 
 Gandhi’s response to World War II – In an interview with the Viceroy on September 5 Gandhi told the Viceroy that his own sympathies were with British and France, and he actually broke down at the very possibility of the destruction of London. It was Subhash Bose who pointed out that the Congress had since 1927 repeatedly declared that India should not cooperate in Britain’s wars. Because of Subhash the Congress Working Committee adopted a resolution disassociating itself with the War. The A.I.C.C. went a step further ‘India must be declared an independent nation, and present application must be given to this status to the largest possible extent. The Muslim League assured the British govt support on two conditions. One that Muslims must be assured fair play and justice in the Congress provinces. Two the Brits must give an undertaking that ‘no declaration regarding the question of constitutional advance for India should be made without the consent and approval of the League, nor any constitution framed without its approval.
In response the Viceroy’s stated that Dominion status and not complete freedom was the goal of the British policy. The Congress Working Committee regarded this statement as unfortunate and refused to give any support to Britain. Thereafter it asked its ministries to resign in 1939. (By then Subhash Bose had already quit the Congress and formed his Forward Block.) This strengthened the hands of the League and gave Jinnah a veto on further constitutional progress.
The Congress strategy was a Himalayan Blunder. First Gandhi & Nehru said they would support the Brit effort. Next the Congress said India couldn’t be associated with a war when it would not free her. 
It is so easy to resign from office just like it is to file a divorce but the challenge lies in being in office and fighting it out or making your marriage work. (Are you reminded of a resurrection when you see how Aam Aadhmi Party quit office in 40 days?!)
 Bose – It is well known that Gandhi did not like Subhash Bose. Amongst the reasons for the dislike was in their attitude towards Britain. Bose looked upon the war between Germany and Britain as a godsend, which India would exploit to her advantage. On the other hand, Gandhi and Nehru had a soft corner for Britain and were definitely opposed to the idea of taking advantage of Britain’s peril. The differences came to a head over the election of Congress President in 1939. Gandhi put his whole weight in favor of Pattabhi Sitaramayya, but Subhash won by 95 votes. But a stronger difference between the two was in Policy. One propagated Non-Violence the other did not mind using the gun for India’s independence. Due to differences with Gandhi on the composition of the Working Committee Bose resigned within two months of his election.
 When the trial of the Bose’s Indian National Army began in the Red Fort there was a wave of sympathy for them across the country. Thus the Congress that had opposed Bose’s policies earlier took up the defence of the accused. The glamour of Bose’s name and the fact that the Congress had taken up the cause of the accused got brownie points for the party. The official evidence given during the trial made people realize the magnitude of the INA’s efforts under Bose and its heroic feats. Popular enthusiasm now rose to a very high level. The Government quailed before the storm. The accused were simply cashiered.
Congress never lost an opportunity to criticize Bose but did not mind using the memory of his heroic deeds to evoke public sympathy for itself. Opportunism and double standards were and are the hallmarks of the Congress Party.
On 28 June 1946 Gandhi left Delhi, and this departure marks the end of the dominant part played by him in Indian politics. The differences between him and others by then had grown far and wide, so he chose to depart.
 Direct Action Day, August 16,1946 – the Muslim League unleashed an orgy of violence. Said the Statesman, an English daily of Calcutta. “ For three days the city concentrated on unrestrained civil war. The primary blame lies on the Muslim League and particularly on Chief Minister Suhrawardy”. When the Muslims butchered the government kept quiet, when the Hindus retaliated peace was restored within a week. Sounds so much like today! Where was Gandhi when Hindus were massacred in Calcutta? Quote from Veer Savarkar by D Keer “British imperialism had physically disarmed the Hindus, Gandhism had enfeebled them mentally and the curfew Raj had done the rest for them.
When about 300 Hindus were killed in Noakhali and temples destroyed Gandhi went on a long walking tour there. On October 31, 1947 or thereabouts, Gandhi asked the Govt to declare that mosques would be protected, forcible conversion to Hinduism and Sikhism not recognized and no Muslim would be thrown out of India or his house. Patel ignored Gandhi’s advice. Another instance of Gandhi’s super love for the Muslims, Hindus! Patel told Gandhi that “Muslims who are not loyal to India should leave”. Quote from book Sardar by Rajmohan Gandhi. 
“It was on 15/01/1942 that Gandhi designated Nehru as his successor. 
Aware that the next Congress President would be India’s first defacto Premier, Azad wanted to continue to be President. Nehru had his own ambitions while Patel was backed by many PCC’s. Nine days before the date for withdrawal of nominations i.e. on April 20, Gandhi indicated his preference for Nehru but the party wanted Patel. 12 of the 15 PCCs had nominated him. Knowing that no PCC chief would propose Nehru, Gandhi asked Kriplani to propose Nehru’s name during a Working Committee meeting in Delhi. As soon as Nehru had been proposed Kriplani withdrew his nomination and handed over to Patel a fresh piece of paper with the latter’s withdrawal written on it, so that Nehru was elected unopposed. Said Gandhi to Nehru. No PCC chief has recommended your name but the Working Committee has. Nehru kept quiet. Obtaining confirmation that Nehru would not take second place, Gandhi asked Patel to sign the statement that Kriplani had given him. Patel did so at once as he had withdrawn in 1929,1936 and 1939. In the end it was Gandhi’s obsession with Hindu Muslim unity. This seed of ‘secularism’ continue to deprive and deeply divide our country and erode the integrity of the truncated nation.
Sri Aurobindo on Gandhi
These are Aurobindo’s words quoted from a book ‘India’s Rebirth’.
July 23, 1923                                                                                                                       Gandhi’s Ahimsa
I believe Gandhi does not know what actually happens to the man’s nature when he takes to Satyagraha or non-violence. He thinks that men get purified by it. But when men suffer, or subject themselves to voluntary suffering, what happens is that their vital being gets strengthened. These movements affect the vital being only and not any other part. Now when you cannot oppose the force that oppresses, you say that you will suffer. That suffering is vital and it gives strength. When the man who has thus suffered gets power he becomes a worse oppressor….
What one can do is to transform the spirit of violence. But in this practice of Satyagraha it is not transformed. When you insist on such a one-sided principle, what happens is that cant, hypocrisy and dishonesty get in and there is no purification at all. Purification can come by the transfoemation of the impulse of violence, as I said. In that respect the old system in India was much better: the man who had the fighting spirit became the Kshatriya and them fighting spirit was raised above the ordinary vital influence. The attempt was to spiritualize it. It succeeded in doing what passive resistance cannot and will not achieve. The Kshatriya was the man who would not allow any oppression, who would fight it out and he was the man who would not oppress anybody That was the ideal.
You can live amicably with a religion whose principle is toleration. But how is it possible to live peacefully with a religion whose principle is “I will not tolerate you”? How are you going to have unity with these people? Certainly Hindu-Muslim unity cannot be arrived at on the basis that the Muslims will go on converting Hindus while the Hindus shall not convert any Mahomedan. You can’t build unity on such a basis. Perhaps the only way of making the Mahomedans harmless is to make them lose their fanatic faith in their religion….
That was the result of the passive resistance which they practised. They went on suffering till they got strong enough and, when they got power, they began to persecute others with a vengeance….
That is one of the violences of the Satyagrahi that he does not care for the pressure which he brings on others. It is not non-violence-it is not “Ahimsa”. True Ahimsa is a state of mind and does not consist in physical or external action or in avoidance of action. Any pressure in the inner being is a breach of Ahimsa.
For instance, when Gandhi fasted in the Ahmedabad mill-hands’ strike to settle the question between mill- owners and workers, there was a kind of violence towards others. The mill-owners did not want to be responsible for his death and so they gave way, without of course, being convinced of his position. It is a kind of violence on them. But as soon as they found the situation normal they reverted to their old ideas The same thing happened in South Africa. He got some concessions there by passive resistance and when he came back to India it became worse than before.
August 17, 1924                                                                                                                 Gandhi – Ahimsa
A few months earlier, Gandhi sent his son Devdas to Pondicherry to see Aurobindo.
He asked my views about non-violence. I told him, “Suppose there is an invasion of India by the Afghans, how are you going to meet it with non-violence?” That is all I remember. I do not think he put me any other question.
June 22, 1926                                                                                                                Gandhi a European!
(A disciple :) Are Indians more spiritual than other people?
No, it is not so. No nation is entirely spiritual. Indians are not more spiritual than other people. But behind the Indian race there lives the past spiritual influence.
Some prominent national workers in India seem to me to be incarnations of some European force here.
They may not be incarnations, but they may be strongly influenced by European thought. For instance Gandhi is a European-truly, a Russian Christian in an Indian body. And there are some Indians in European bodies! Gandhi a European!
Yes. When the Europeans say that he is more Christian than many Christians (some even say that he is “Christ of the modern times”) they are perfectly right. All his preaching is derived from Christianity, and thought the garb is Indian the essential spirit is Christian. He may not be Christ, but at any rate he comes in continuation of the same impulsion. He is largely influenced by Tolstoy, the Bible, and has a strong Jain tinge in his teachings; at any rate more than by the Indian scriptures-the Upanishads or the Gita, which he interprets in the light of his own ideas.
Many educated Indians consider him a spiritual man. Yes, because the Europeans call spiritual. But what he preaches is not Indian spirituality but something derived from Russian Christianity, non-violence, suffering, etc….
The Russians are a queer mixture of strength and weakness. They have got a passion in their intellect, say a passionate intellect. They have a distracted and restless emotional being, but there is something behind it, which is very fine and psychic, though their soul is not very healthy. And therefore I am not right in saying that Gandhi is a Russian Christian, because he is so very dry. He has got the intellectual passion and a great moral will-force, but he is more dry than the Russians. The gospel of suffering that he is preaching has its root in Russia as nowhere else in Europe-other Christian nations don’t believe in it. At the most they have it in the mind, but the Russians have got it in their very blood. They commit a mistake in preaching the gospel of suffering, but we also commit in India a mistake in preaching the idea of vairagya [disgust with the world].
June 23, 1926                                                                                                                                     Gandhi
When Gandhi’s movement was started, I said that this movement would lead either to a fiasco or to great confusion. And I see no reason to change my opinion. Only I would like to add that it has led to both.
December 27, 1938 (A disciple:) What is your idea of an ideal government for India?
My idea is like what Tagore once wrote. There may be one Rashtrapati at the top with considerable powers so as to secure a continuity of policy, and an assembly representative of the nation. The provinces will combine into a federation united at the top, leaving ample scope to local bodies to make laws according to their local problems ..
The Congress at the present stage-what is it but a fascist organization? Gandhi is the dictator like Stalin, I won’t say like Hitler: what Gandhi says they accept and even the Working Committee follows him; then it goes to the All-India Congress Committee which adopts it, and then the Congress. (I must mention that in 1920-21 Gandhi started the Khilafat agitation without consulting the Congress Working Committee, a decision that most of us will realize was a blunder and sowed the seeds for Pakistan. His dictatorial attitude was again proved in 1947 when he nominated Nehru although the Committee wanted Sardar Patel to be India’s first PM.)
There is no opportunity for any difference of opinion, except for Socialists who are allowed to differ provided they don’t seriously differ. Whatever resolutions they pass are obligatory on all the provinces whether the resolutions suit the provinces or not; there is no room for any other independent opinion Everything is fixed up before and the people are only allowed to talk over it-like Stalin’s Parliament. When we started the [Nationalist] movement we began with idea of throwing out the Congress oligarchy and open the whole organization to the general mass.
Srinivas Iyengar retired from Congress because of his differences with Gandhi…
He made Charkha a religious article of faith and excluded all people from congress membership who could not spin How many even among his own followers believe in his gospel of Charkha? Such a tremendous waste of energy just for the sake of a few annas is most unreasonable.
Give [people] education, technical training and give them the fundamental organic principles of organization, not on political but on business lines. But Gandhi does not want such industrial organization, he is for going back to the old system of civilization, and so he comes in with his magical formula “Spin, spin spin.” C. R. Das and few others could act as a counterbalance. It is all a fetish. (Do these comments give you provide you with an insight into why we followed the socialistic system of governance post independence where making profit was a dirty word unlike in the ancient India where as Infosys Chief Narayan Murthy says today, make wealth but share it too.)
January 8, 1939,                                                                 Gandhi’s non-violence in Germany success or!
(A disciple :) Gandhi writes that non-violence tried by some people in Germany has failed because it has not been so strong as to generate sufficient heat to melt Hitler’s heart.
I am afraid it would require quite a furnace!… The trouble with Gandhi is that he had to deal only with Englishmen, and the English want to have their conscience at ease. Besides the Englishman wants to satisfy his self-esteem and wants world-esteem But if Gandhi had had to deal with the Russians or the German Nazis, they would have long ago put him out of their way.
January 16, 1939                                                                                                                  Non-Violence
(A disciple:) Nama Saheb Sinde of Baroda has spoken to a youth conference emphasizing the need of military training for the defence of the country His speech was against the current vogue of non-violence.
It is good that someone raises his voice like that when efforts are being made to make non-violence the method of solving all problems … This non-violent resistance I have never been able to fathom… To change the opponent’s heart by passive resistance is something I don’t understand….
I am afraid Gandhi has been trying to apply to ordinary life what belongs to spirituality. Non-violence or ahimsa as a spiritual attitude and its practice is perfectly understandable and has a standing of its own. You may not accept it in toto but it has a basis in reality. You can live it in spiritual life, but to apply it to all life is absurd…. It is a principle, which can be applied with success if practiced on a mass scale, especially by unarmed people like the Indians, because you are left with no other choice. But even when it succeeds it is not that you have changed the heart of the enemy, but that you have made it impossible for him to rule…..
What a tremendous generalizer Gandhi is! Passive resistance, charkha and celibacy for all! One can’t be a member of the Congress without oneself spinning!
May 28, 1940                                                                                                  Gandhi’s attitude to Muslims
Have you read what Gandhi has said in answer to a correspondent? He says that if eight crores of Muslims demand a separate State, what else are the twenty-five crores of Hindus to do but surrender? Otherwise there will be civil war.
(A disciple:) I hope that is not the type of conciliation he is thinking of.
Not thinking of it, you say? He has actually said that and almost yielded. If you yield to the opposite party beforehand, naturally they will stick strongly to their claims. It means that the minority will rule and the majority must submit. The minority is allowed its say, “We shall be the ruler and you our servants. Our hard [word] will be law; you will have to obey.” This shows a peculiar mind I think this kind of people are a little cracked.
July 4, 1940                                                                                                             Gandhi’s Non-Violence
(A disciple:) Gandhi has offered his help through the Vice-roy to the British government and asked the British to lay down their arms and practice non-violence.
He must be a little cracked.
While asking them to lay down their arms, he wants them to keep up their spirit.
And be subjected in practice!
This refers to an open letter, which Gandhi addressed to the British a few days earlier: “ I appeal for cessation of hostilities…. Because war is bad in essence. You want to kill Nazism. Your soldiers are doing the same work of destruction as the Germans. The only difference is that perhaps yours are not as thorough as the Germans…. I venture to present you with a nobler and a braver way, worthy of the bravest soldiers. I want you to fight Nazism without arms or…with non-violent arms. I would like you to lay down the arms you have as being useless for saving you or humanity… Invite Herr Hitler and Signor Mussolini to take what want of the countries you call your possessions. Let them take possession of your beautiful island with your many beautiful buildings. You will give all these but not your souls nor your minds…” (Amrita Bazar Patrika, July 4, 1940, “Method of Non-violence Mahatma Gandhi’s appeal to every Briton.”).
2. The next question that you might ask, If we were to continuously go by the Cause and Effect theory, Muslims will kill Hindus and vice versa. When will this stop? Is the Muslim or Hindu correct in killing? Cannot agree with you more. We have to examine whether an act is Dharmic or Adharmic. Lord Krishna inspired Arjun to kill many Kauravas because they had done evil or adharmic deeds. So eventually every action would need to be weighed in terms of Dharma. What is Dharma? Please go to section Q & A and read the article, Who is a Hindu, to find the answer.
3. In his defence Godse has covered the Independence Movement from 1920 to 1948 and given us numerous examples of how Gandhi hurt, ignored Hindu sentiment continuously. Gandhi’s fast of 1948 pressurizing the Govt to pay Rs 55 crores to Pakistan was the last straw. It convinced Godse that Gandhi had to be done away with.
4. All through my reading of Indian history starting 1870 to 1947 there was one common factor. British encouragement, direct and tactful, of the divisive tendencies amongst Muslims. Part of their grand strategy of Divide and Rule.
5. In 1950 Liaqat Ali came to India. Nehru pressurized Patel to meet him. Patel said to Liaqat, “Jawarharlal is exerting day and night for Muslim rights. I lie awake at night worrying what happened to Gandhi might happen to him”. Quote from the book Sardar by Rajmohan Gandhi.
6. Said noted freedom fighter, K M Munshi, follower of Gandhi in the freedom special of his Social Welfare “Last 25 years, we have been brought up on a slogan, naturalness and inevitableness of Hindu-Muslim unity. That this was wishful thinking has been proved in Noakali, Bihar, Rawalpindi. The Muslim, a hard realist knew and exploited the hollowness of the slogans, the Hindu cherishes it still. Hindus love words and ideals”. Seeing the way secular Hindus of today, you might wonder, Has anything changed?
7. Subsequent to recent events in Gujarat the British govt has criticized the Gujarat / Indian govts for alleged atrocities against Muslims. People who stay in glass houses should not throw stones at others. The Brits need to be taken to task first for atrocities committed worldwide. To name a few. Making thousands of Indians Slaves and transporting them the Caribbean – South Africa. Looting India as never before. (to read all about it go to section Why and read Why India is a poor country). Three is the massacre of Indians at Jallianwala Bagh. Four why did the British allow the massacre of Hindus in the Muslim League sponsored Direct Action Plan of 1946. Oh the list is endless! Sections of the European Community too have criticized the Indian govt. We destroyed only one mosque; ask the Spaniards how many mosques did they destroy after freeing themselves of Muslim rule.
8. Although the British / Congress appeasement of Muslims started between 1870 and 1880 its first major impact was the Lucknow Pact of 1916 where the Muslims were granted separate electorates. Thus appeasement was the Cause. What was its Effect? Then and to this day.
One was 40 years later i.e. Gandhiji’s killing, two was 44 years later when the Babri Masjid was demolished in 1992, three was only ten years later, the post Godhra riots of 2002. Forty years of British / Congress appeasement brought about the first Effect, Forty-four years of Congress appeasement the second and ten years of Congress / BJP rule the third. The nineties have shown that Hindu patience and tolerance is running out.
9. Facing the truth rather than suppressing it might reduce animosity. In India when Hindus are killed by Muslims, the word Muslim is rarely used, newspapers use the words miscreant – underworld, makes page three news. But the killing of one Muslim, rape of a nun by a fellow Christian or Hindu backlash gets excessive media coverage. Muslim pain is highlighted while the Hindu’s is ignored. Thanks to Technology the truth is only a mouse away so Hindus get to know sooner than latter. Now suppose, the media were to behave responsibly and report the truth without sensationalizing matters, Hindu feelings might be assuaged. A lot of the Hindu anger now days is due to the biased reporting of the English media.  “